Esophageal Atresia and/or Tracheoesophageal Fistula
National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
It is possible that the main title of the report Esophageal Atresia and/or Tracheoesophageal Fistula is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.
Synonyms Back to top
- Atresia of Esophagus with or without Tracheoesophageal Fistula
- Esophageal Atresia
- Tracheoesophageal Fistula
- Tracheoesophageal Fistula with or without Esophageal Atresia
Disorder Subdivisions Back to top
General Discussion Back to top
Esophageal atresia (EA) is a rare birth defect in which the esophagus (the tube that connects the throat with the stomach) does not develop normally. In infants with EA, the esophagus is usually separated into two parts, an upper and lower segment. These two segments do not connect. One or both segments (usually the upper) end in a blind pouch. Consequently, the normal passage between the mouth and stomach does not exist. EA often occurs in association with a tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF), which is an abnormal passage or connection (fistula) between the esophagus and the trachea (windpipe). The trachea is the tube that runs from the voice box in the throat to the lungs (bronchi), and carries air to and from the lungs. EA/TEF is a life-threatening condition, however, the majority of affected infants will recover fully if the defect is detected early and treated appropriately. The exact underlying causes of EA/TEF are not fully understood. EA/TEF can occur as isolated findings (nonsyndromic), associated with other birth defects (non-isolated), or as part of a larger syndrome.
Resources Back to top
March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation
1275 Mamaroneck Avenue
White Plains, NY 10605
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive & Kidney Diseases
Office of Communications & Public Liaison
Bldg 31, Rm 9A06
31 Center Drive, MSC 2560
Bethesda, MD 20892-2560
EA/TEF Child and Family Support Connection, Inc.
111 West Jackson Boulevard
Chicago, IL. 60604-3502
Tracheo Oesophageal Fistula Support Group
St. George's Centre
91 Victory Road
Nottingham, Intl NG4 2NN
Tel: +44 (0)115 961 3092
Fax: +44 (0)115 961 3097
Pediatric/Adolescent Gastroesophageal Reflux Association, Inc.
PO Box 7728
Silver Spring, MD 20907
Birth Defect Research for Children, Inc.
976 Lake Baldwin Lane
Orlando, FL 32814
MUMS National Parent-to-Parent Network
150 Custer Court
Green Bay, WI 54301-1243
Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Fetal Hope Foundation
9786 S Holland Street
Littleton, CO 80127
For a Complete Report Back to top
Last Updated: 1/17/2012
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