National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
It is possible that the main title of the report Galloway-Mowat Syndrome is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.
Synonyms Back to top
- Galloway Syndrome
- Hiatal Hernia-Microcephaly-Nephrosis, Galloway Type
- Microcephaly-Hiatal Hernia-Nephrosis, Galloway Type
- Nephrosis-Microcephaly Syndrome
- Nephrosis-Neuronal Dysmigration Syndrome
- Microcephaly-Hiatal Hernia-Nephrotic Syndrome
Disorder Subdivisions Back to top
General Discussion Back to top
Galloway-Mowat Syndrome, which is also known as Microcephaly-Hiatal Hernia-Nephrotic Syndrome, is an extremely rare genetic disorder that is characterized by a variety of physical and developmental abnormalities. Physical features may include an unusually small head (microcephaly) and additional abnormalities of the head and facial (craniofacial) area; damage to clusters of capillaries in the kidneys (focal glomerulosclerosis and/or diffuse mesangial sclerosis), resulting in abnormal kidney function (Nephrotic Syndrome); and, in many cases, protrusion of part of the stomach through an abnormal opening (esophageal hiatus) in the diaphragm (hiatal hernia). Additional physical abnormalities are often present. These may include various malformations of the brain, seizures, diminished muscle tone throughout the body (generalized hypotonia), and/or increased reflex reactions (hyperreflexia). Infants and children with Galloway-Mowat Syndrome may also exhibit developmental abnormalities including an inability to perform certain movement (motor) skills normal for their age and a profound delay in the attainment of skills requiring the coordination of muscular and mental activity (psychomotor retardation). Mental retardation may also be present. Galloway-Mowat Syndrome is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait.
Resources Back to top
National Kidney Foundation
30 East 33rd Street
New York, NY 10016
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
P.O. Box 5801
Bethesda, MD 20824
NIH/National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse
3 Information Way
Bethesda, MD 20892-3580
MUMS National Parent-to-Parent Network
150 Custer Court
Green Bay, WI 54301-1243
Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
For a Complete Report Back to top
This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".
The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.
It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report
This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.
For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email firstname.lastname@example.org
Last Updated: 3/16/2008
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