Zellweger Spectrum Disorders
National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
It is possible that the main title of the report Zellweger Spectrum Disorders is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.
Synonyms Back to top
- Generalized Peroxisomal Disorders
- Peroxisomal Biogenesis Disorders
- Zellweger Syndrome Spectrum
Disorder Subdivisions Back to top
- Cerebrohepatorenal Syndrome
- Hyperpipecolic acidemia
- Infantile Refsum Disease
- Neonatal Adrenoleukodystrophy
- Zellweger Syndrome
General Discussion Back to top
Zellweger spectrum disorders are a group of rare, genetic, multisystem disorders that were once thought to be separate entities. These disorders are now classified as different expressions (variants) of one disease process. Collectively, they form a spectrum or continuum of disease. Zellweger syndrome is the most severe form; neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy is the intermediate form; and infantile Refsum disease is the mildest form. Zellweger spectrum disorders can affect most organs of the body. Neurological deficits, loss of muscle tone (hypotonia), hearing loss, vision problems, liver dysfunction, and kidney abnormalities are common findings. Zellweger spectrum disorders often result in severe, life-threatening complications early during infancy. Some individuals with milder forms have lived into adulthood. Zellweger spectrum disorders are inherited as autosomal recessive traits.
Zellweger spectrum disorders are also known as peroxisome biogenesis disorders (PBDs) - a group of disorders characterized by the failure of the body to produce peroxisomes that function properly. Peroxisomes are very small, membrane-bound structures within the gel-like fluid (cytoplasm) of cells that play a vital role in numerous biochemical processes in the body. PBDs are subdivided into the three Zellweger spectrum disorders and rhizomelic chondrodysplasia punctata.
Resources Back to top
1660 L Street, NW, Suite 301
Washington, DC 20036
United Leukodystrophy Foundation
2304 Highland Drive
Sycamore, IL 60718
ELA - European Association Against Leukodystrophies
2, rue Mi-les-Vignes
Laxou Cedex, 61024
Tel: 33 383 30 93 34
Fax: 33 383 30 00 68
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
P.O. Box 5801
Bethesda, MD 20824
Hunter's Hope Foundation, Inc.
PO Box 643
6368 West Quaker Street
Orchard Park, NY 14127
MUMS National Parent-to-Parent Network
150 Custer Court
Green Bay, WI 54301-1243
PO Box 241956
Los Angeles, CA 90024
Zellweger Baby Support Network
9310 Groundhog Drive
Richmond, VA 23235
Childhood Liver Disease Research and Education Network
c/o Joan M. Hines, Research Administrator
The Children's Hospital
13123 E 16th Ave. B290
Aurora, CO 80045
Global Foundation for Peroxisomal Disorders
5147 South Harvard Avenue
Tulsa, OK 74135
For a Complete Report Back to top
This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".
The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.
It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report
This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.
For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email firstname.lastname@example.org
Last Updated: 9/15/2008
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