Who Is Affected by Malaria Infection
- Most cases of malaria and most of the deaths caused by malaria occur in Africa. 1
- Although most cases of malaria are caused by Plasmodium falciparum or P. vivax, P. falciparum accounts for almost all of the deaths caused by malaria. 1
People traveling to Africa may have a higher risk of infection because they frequently stay outdoors and often camp in rural areas where mosquitoes are common. There may be no risk of malaria (even in malaria-infested areas such as Southeast Asia and South America) if travelers stay in urban or resort areas where there are fewer mosquitoes.
In the United States 1,298 people developed malaria in 2008 (the most recent year for which statistics are available). Most of the people were infected with P. falciparum malaria. Two of the people died. 2 Cases of malaria in the U.S. occur primarily in international travelers, military personnel, and immigrants from countries where malaria is present.
Last Revised: April 20, 2011
Author: Healthwise Staff
To learn more visit Healthwise.org
© 1995-2013 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.