Kidney Stone Treatments: Medication

For Patients

If you suspect you have stones, visit your primary care provider or urologist.

If you've been diagnosed with stones and would like to be seen in the Metabolic Stone Clinic, please call (608) 263-4757.

Medical management is an effective means by which to reduce the risk of future stone formation. Medical management incorporates observation, pharmacologic therapy, nutrition therapy, surgery or a combination of all of them.
Pharmacological therapy techniques are listed below. 
Pharmacological therapy
Pharmacologic (medicinal) therapy is implemented based on an individual's specific risk factors, using urine and blood biochemistries as well as information about the person's medical history. It may include: 
  • Diuretics (for hypercalciuria)
  • Potassium citrate (for hypocitraturia and/or acid urine)
  • Allopurinol (for hyperuricosiuria)
  • Antibiotics (for struvite stones)
  • Cystine-lowering drugs (for cystine stones)
  • Cholestyramine (for hyperoxaluria)