In most cases, treatment involves one of the following:
Laparoscopic surgery: Uses a laparoscope to see inside your abdomen. This is a thin tool with a video camera on its tip. Surgeons place the laparoscope through a small incision. They pass their instruments through other incisions.
Robotic surgery: Uses a camera and instruments that are part of a surgical robot. Surgeons insert the camera and tools into your body through small incisions. The surgeons direct them from a console using hand controls. This allows for great precision.
Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS): Uses a tool like a laparoscope. It helps see inside your chest. Surgeons hold the surgical tools outside of your body. They pass them through small incisions between your ribs.