Programs and research

Providing routine and specialty care for healthy eyes

Your child’s vision is an important part of how they interact with their surroundings. UW Health Kids vision specialists help your child see the world around them. We manage all childhood eye conditions.

The Lions Pediatric Eye and Adult Strabismus Clinic at UW Health was the first of its kind in Wisconsin. Opened in 1971, the clinic provides medical and surgical treatment for childhood eye conditions. Today we treat patients from across Wisconsin, the United States and the globe.

Eye health is critically important for children of all ages. Up to 80 percent of what children learn comes from using their visual pathways.

Our UW Health Kids eye care team provides:

  • Early eye exams for children at risk 

  • Eye care and vision management for premature babies and children living with cerebral palsy, Down syndrome or a neurological condition

  • Regular eye exams

Improving your child’s vision with research

UW Health Kids eye care doctors and scientists work to improve vision care for your child. We study advancements and new treatments to give your child their best sight.

UW Health Kids research professionals are constantly uncovering new ways to help all children see the world. A current clinical trial tests medicine to improve vision for children with albinism.

Smiling child with signing UW Health Kids
UW Health Kids

Our pediatric experts have served the special needs of children for more than 100 years. We focus on each child’s unique needs and offer social and emotional support to help you and your child face even the most complex condition. Our long history includes the creation of medical advances that save lives around the world. Together, we get your child back to health and enjoying being a kid.

Conditions and treatments

Treating eye conditions before they get worse

UW Health Kids experts evaluate and treat a range of childhood eye and vision conditions.

Services and treatments

Many children experience changes in their vision as they grow. Rarely do vision conditions get better on their own, so early treatment is essential.

We perform routine and specialized eye exams for children of all ages. Our pediatric eye care professionals care for children at risk for certain eye conditions to provide early treatment. We also work with older children living with a condition that impacts their vision.

UW Health Kids providers a variety of services to diagnose your child's eye conditions, including:

  • Eye exams

  • Screenings for eye conditions related to diabetes, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis or medication side effects

  • Visual evoked potential (VEP) testing to check vision in infants or nonverbal children

We provide a full range of eye care treatments to help you child see better, including:

  • Contact lenses

  • Eye exercises

  • Eye patching

  • Glasses

  • Prism lenses

  • Surgery

Locations

Visit our nearby eye care clinics

UW Health Kids ophthalmology care is offered at clinics throughout the region.

  • Deming Way Eye Clinic - Eye Care Services
    • 2349 Deming Way, Suite 200 / Middleton, WI
    • (608) 824-3937
    • Closed now
    •  
      View hours, services and more
  • East Eye Clinic -Ophthalmology
    • 5249 E. Terrace Dr. / Madison, WI
    • (608) 265-1270
    • Closed now
    •  
      View hours, services and more
  • University Station Eye Clinic - Pediatric Ophthalmology
    • 2880 University Ave. / Madison, WI
    • (608) 263-6414
    • Closed now
    •  
      View hours, services and more

Meet our team

Pediatric eye specialists

The UW Health Kids eye care team includes specialists in ophthalmology, optometry and orthoptics (eye muscle conditions) experienced in working with children.

Pediatric ophthalmology
Pediatric optometry

Patient resources

What you need to know about your child’s eye care and exams

Learn what you and your child can expect when you meet with your child’s eye care team.

Preparing for your appointment

To make the most of your visit, please read below about what you should bring to your appointment, and what to expect during your appointment.

If your child has seen other eye doctors in the past, please arrange to have records from those examinations sent to our clinic prior to your appointment. This is particularly important if eye muscle surgery has been performed. If it is not possible to have records sent to the clinic before your appointment, it is still helpful to bring them with you to your child's appointment.

If prior imaging studies have been done (CT scan or MRI) related to the problem for which your child is coming to our clinic, please arrange to have copies of the scans sent to our clinic in advance of the appointment. Be sure they send copies of the scans themselves and not just the written report. Sending them to us in advance of the appointment allows time for our doctor to review them and consult with our radiologist, if needed.

Bring all glasses to your child's appointment so our staff can check them.

If your child usually wears contact lenses, they should wear them to the appointment; however, also bring their glasses. If your child wants to be fit with contact lenses, or if they are having problems with their current contact lenses, ask the receptionist to also schedule time with our contact lens technician, in addition to the eye doctor on the same day as your child's appointment.

If your child is currently using eye drops or ointment, or has used these medications in the past two weeks, bring them to the appointment.

If you observe a misalignment of your child’s eye in photographs, bring sample photographs to the clinic appointment to show the eye doctor.

Please provide the clinic with at least 24 hours notice if you need to cancel or reschedule your child's appointment so we can offer it to another patient.

If this is your child's first visit to the clinic or is an annual follow-up visit, the examination will include eye drops to dilate their pupils. Please allow two hours for the appointment. Follow-up examinations last between 20 to 60 minutes.

Frequently asked questions

Find answers to common questions about eye exams.

Children's eye exams begin shortly after birth, when the physician checks the newborn for a red glow in the back of the eyes. This "red reflex" test indicates if light rays are entering the eyes properly. Any abnormality should result in an immediate referral to a pediatric ophthalmologist, a specialist in children's eye problems.

All children should have an eye exam by the age of 4 years or younger if there is a family history of significant eye problems. If one or both parents had either strabismus or amblyopia when very young, for example, it's important for their child to have an eye exam in the first year by an ophthalmologist. Children who have severe or unusual problems should see a pediatric ophthalmologist.

Dilation of the pupils is an essential part of a complete eye examination. It is necessary to permit a complete evaluation of the inside parts of the eyes, as well as to accurately determine the presence of nearsightedness, farsightedness, or astigmatism.

Dilating drops sting somewhat and feel similar to getting soapy water or swimming pool water in your eyes. The discomfort is usually short, lasting only about a minute.

Typically once a year.

While the pupils are dilated, the eyes will be more sensitive to light, so we offer disposable sunglasses to our patients. Additionally, vision will be somewhat blurred, especially for seeing near objects. The drops usually take 40 minutes to work in children and 20 minutes in adults. The effect typically lasts from several hours to 24 hours. There are no permanent or lasting effects of the drops.

Our doctors want to provide all patients with the amount of time necessary to care for eye problems and to answer all questions. We frequently have no way of knowing in advance which patients will require a greater than average time with the staff. Our staff will attempt to let you know if there is an unusual delay. Also, unexpected emergencies must be worked into the busy clinic schedule.

On most days there is more than one physician or orthoptist scheduled to see patients in the clinic, and patients for all these caregivers use the same waiting area. Additionally, some patients may have completed the dilation waiting period and are being called to finish their examination.

Pediatric ophthalmologists have expertise in treating eye muscle problems in children and adults. Many eye muscle problems begin in childhood and when an adult has a similar problem, it is often best treated by someone with that expertise. The Pediatric Eye and Adult Strabismus Clinic treats many adults with strabismus, as well as adults with certain genetic eye conditions.

Our staff includes several caregivers who assist the ophthalmologist in your care. An orthoptist is a specially trained and certified allied health professional who specializes in evaluating and caring for patients with eye muscle problems. This professional has special expertise in working with children regardless of their eye problem, as well as adults with strabismus. Pediatric ophthalmology fellows and residents are physicians receiving intensive training in the care of children’s eye problems and patients of all ages with strabismus. Nurses and technicians may also provide assistance during your visit.