What causes Tourette's Syndrome?
- Arm thrusting
- Eye blinking
- Head bobbing
- Shoulder shrugging
- Repetitive grunting, sniffing, throat clearing
- Uncontrolled speech production/vocalizations
If the symptoms of Tourette's Syndrome are minor, they are usually not treated. This may be because the side effects of the medication may be worse than the symptoms of the syndrome.
Once tics become bothersome, various medications can be used to decrease their severity, but their use is carefully monitored due to potential side effects of movement disorders and cognitive dulling. Severe tics have traditionally been treated with anti-psychotics. Psychiatric symptoms are common in Tourette's. These are best approached by careful collaboration between the neurologist and an experienced psychiatrist.