Mild Cognitive Impairment

There are different types of memory loss, including Alzheimer's Disease and dementia. Another type is called mild cognitive impairment, or MCI.


Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI)


Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI or Amnestic MCI) involves declines with memory, language, thinking, and decision-making. These problems are not as severe as dementia, but more serious than typical aging. Unlike with dementia, people with MCI are able to handle normal daily activities. Sometimes their symptoms even improve over time. MCI is not dementia or pre-dementia. However, people with MCI have a higher risk of developing dementia, particularly if it is caused by Alzheimer’s disease. It is important for a person with MCI to have their symptoms monitored by a doctor. Typically, the doctor will monitor and test a person with MCI every 12+ months to detect any changes in memory and other thinking skills over time. No medications have been approved to treat MCI.

Signs of MCI may include:

  • Forgetting recent conversations or events from earlier in the day/week
  • Forgetting to go to events or appointments
  • Having more trouble coming up with words than other people of the same age
  • Slowed thinking speed
  • Losing things often
  • Problems with the sense of smell