Understanding Kidney Matching
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The first live kidney donation happened between identical twins because they had well-matched kidneys. At that time, there were no other donation options and a living kidney donor had to have the same blood type as their recipient. That is no longer true, but, there are many other reasons why a donor and recipient might not be a good match. As living kidney donation became more common, we learned more about what is important when matching a donor and recipient.
Ways to Match the Best Kidney to Each Recipient
|We prefer the donor and recipient be close in age so the life of the kidney matches the recipient.||A kidney that matches the recipient's body size will work to match that body's needs.||A donor's veins and arteries are easier to connect when they are like the recipient's.||Sometimes the donor's schedule doesn't match the recipient's timeline.||Some recipients have antibodies that will reject a new kidney. This can happen from pregnancy, blood transfusion, an earlier transplant or other issues. Even donors/recipients with the same blood type may not match because of antibody sensitivity.|