Contact Information

For Appointments

(608) 265-0300

(800) 323-8942

Generations Fertility Care in Madison, Wisconsin offers the latest treatments for men diagnosed with varicocele.

Overview of Varicocele
A varicocele is an enlargement of the veins within the scrotum, similar to a varicose vein that can occur in your leg.
Varicocele is one of the common causes of male infertility, affecting about 40 percent of men who are diagnosed with a fertility problem.

Although not all varicoceles affect sperm production, varicoceles are the most common treatable cause of low sperm production and decreased sperm quality.

Causes of Varicocele

Varicoceles usually develop slowly over time. A varicocele forms when valves inside the veins along the spermatic cord prevent blood from flowing properly. The blood backs up, leading to swelling and widening of the veins. Varicoceles occur more commonly on the left side, but can also occur on the right side.

Symptoms of Varicocele

A varicocele usually produces no symptoms, however, some men may experience pain or discomfort. Symptoms of a varicocele include: 
  • Enlarged, twisted veins in the scrotum 
  • Scrotal swelling, or bulge within the scrotum
  • Infertility
Any of the above symptoms should prompt an evaluation by a urologist regardless of fertility.
Tests and Diagnosis for Varicocele

Varicoceles can usually be detected through a physical exam. If the physical exam is inconclusive, a scrotal ultrasound may be performed.

Treatments for Varicocele 

To repair the varicocele, our fellowship-trained male infertility specialist uses a microsurgical technique to repair the affected veins and allow normal blood flow to return to the area.
The use of the operating microscope allows for superior visualization of critical structures and significantly reduces the risk of complications such as hydrocele (swollen testicle) and recurrence of the varicocele. 

Varicocele repair is performed on an outpatient basis. Recovery time following varicocele repair is usually rapid. However, because sperm takes about 90 days to regenerate, it may take three to four months following treatment to determine whether the varicocele repair was successful in improving sperm counts.