Semen Analysis

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Often, fertility is seen as a woman's problem, yet male infertility is a factor in nearly 50 percent of couples experiencing infertility. To identify or rule out male infertility as a possible factor, routine tests may be performed. One of the most common tests to examine male fertility is a semen analysis.

A semen analysis can help determine if a problem in sperm production or quality of the sperm is causing infertility.

How a Semen Analysis is Performed

For the analysis, you will have to provide a semen sample. Your physician will explain how to collect a sterile sample. For your convenience and comfort, there are private rooms available within the Generations Fertility Care clinic for the collection.

During the analysis, an andrologist examines the sample to look for the following:
  • Number of sperm present in the ejaculate 
  • Sperm motility, measures the percentage of sperm that swim forward 
  • Morphology, measures of the number of normally shaped sperm 
  • pH levels, measures the acidity or alkalinity of the semen 
  • White blood cell count, if white blood cells are present it may indicate an infection
What the Results of the Semen Analysis May Mean

For a semen analysis to be considered normal, the results typically fall within a specific range. 
    Semen Analysis: Normal Results
Volume At least 2 milliliters (ml) per ejaculation
Count At least 20 million sperm per milliliter (ml)
Morphology At least 14 percent should have normal morphology
Motility Approximately 50 percent should be motile
pH The pH level should be greater than 7.2
A semen analysis with normal results does not guarantee conception will occur. Similarly, men with abnormal results may go on to father a child.

If your semen analysis returns with abnormal levels, your physician may recommend additional testing.

The results of your semen analysis will assist your physician in identifying the best course of treatment for your situation.