A semen analysis can help determine if a problem in sperm production or quality of the sperm is causing infertility.
How a Semen Analysis is Performed
For the analysis, you will have to provide a semen sample. Your physician will explain how to collect a sterile sample. For your convenience and comfort, there are private rooms available within the Generations Fertility Care clinic for the collection.
During the analysis, an andrologist examines the sample to look for the following:
- Number of sperm present in the ejaculate
- Sperm motility, measures the percentage of sperm that swim forward
- Morphology, measures of the number of normally shaped sperm
- pH levels, measures the acidity or alkalinity of the semen
- White blood cell count, if white blood cells are present it may indicate an infection
For a semen analysis to be considered normal, the results typically fall within a specific range.
|Semen Analysis: Normal Results|
|Volume||At least 2 milliliters (ml) per ejaculation|
|Count||At least 20 million sperm per milliliter (ml)|
|Morphology||At least 14 percent should have normal morphology|
|Motility||Approximately 50 percent should be motile|
|pH||The pH level should be greater than 7.2|
If your semen analysis returns with abnormal levels, your physician may recommend additional testing.
The results of your semen analysis will assist your physician in identifying the best course of treatment for your situation.