Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is surgery that removes some tissue from inside the prostate gland. It is done to treat prostate enlargement (called benign prostatic hyperplasia, or BPH).
A doctor inserts a special instrument through the urethra to remove part of the inside of the prostate. A wire loop with an electrical current is used to cut away prostate tissue that is blocking the urethra. The prostate tissue is flushed into the bladder and out the body.
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