Outcomes-Based Education


Resident reading medical textOutcomes-based education is a performance-based approach to developing, implementing and evaluating curricula.


In Graduate Medical Education, the performance outcomes used are the learner's knowledge gained and mastered, as well as skills in patient care and management, communication, practice-based learning and improvement, systems-based practice, including the attitudes and behaviors that support them. In recent years, GME performance outcomes have been expanded to include resident and faculty performance and patient care outcomes.


These performance outcomes dictate GME curriculum content, teaching methods, assessment strategies and curriculum structure. Evaluation of the effectiveness of a GME Program rests on its ability to produce graduates, and increasingly faculty, that perform well on outcome measures.

Recommended Reading

Haan CK, Edwards FH, Poole B, Godley M, Genuardi FJ, Zenni EA. A model to begin to use clinical outcomes in medical education. Academic Medicine 2008. 83(6):574-80.

Hauer, KE et al. Remediation of the Deficiencies of Physicians Across the Continuum From Medical School to Practice: A Thematic Review of the Literature Academic Medicine 2009. 84(12):1822-32.


Curriculum Development


This resource was developed to guide Program Directors and faculty through the process of creating effective goals and objectives for their program and rotations.

Recommended Reading


Newble, D; Stark, P; Bax, N; Lawson, M. Developing an outcomes-focused core curriculum. Med Education 2005. 39: 680-87.