Eye Photography: Types of Imaging and Equipment

Ophthalmic photography uses specific imaging equipment to photograph the eye.
UW Health's eye care services (ophthalmology) uses ophthalmic photography to study the eye and diagnose potential problems with vision.
Ophthalmic (or eye) photography is a specialized branch of medical photography that uses specific imaging equipment to photograph, scan or otherwise image the eye.
Types of Eye Imaging
  • Optical coherence tomography (OCT)
  • Color fundus (retinal) photography (CFP)
  • Fluorescein angiography (FA)
  • Indocyanine green (ICG) angiography
  • Fundus autofluorescence (FAF)
  • Corneal topography
  • Slit-lamp photography
  • External photography
  • Optic nerve head analysis
  • Endothelial cell-layer photography

Eye Imaging Equipment

  • Digital retinal cameras (Topcon and Zeiss): For color fundus photography and fluorescein angiography.
  • Optical coherence tomography (OCT Zeiss Stratus, Cirrus): Enables cross-sectional imaging of the retina. Used primarily for macular and optic nerve head imaging.
  • Scanning laser ophthalmoscope (HRA2 from Heidelberg Engineering): For fundus autofluorescence, fluorescein angiography and indocyanine green (ICG) angiography.
  • Photo slit-lamp micrography: For photographing anterior eye structures such as the cornea, iris, conjunctiva and lens.
  • Corneal topography (Orbscan 2): Measures the thickness, refractive power and shape of the cornea
  • Optic nerve head analyzer (HRT3, Heidelberg Engineering): For precise optic nerve head imaging. Primarily for patients with, or suspected of having, glaucoma.
  • External photography (digital Nikon SLR): For photographing eyelids and other facial structures.
  • Rostock corneal module (HRT): For high-magnification of all corneal layers. Enables endothelial cell counts.