Exercise-induced Asthma and Bronchospasm
In the News
- Changes in temperature
- Seasonal allergens
- Landry GL, Bernhardt DT. Essentials of Primary Care Sports Medicine. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics; 2003.
- University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics Speech and Language Pathology Department
- National Jewish Medical and Research Center
Paradoxical Vocal Fold Motion Disorder: When It's Not Asthma
Paradoxical Vocal Fold Motion Disorder (PVFM)
PVFM is a laryngeal disorder also sometimes called Vocal Cord Dysfunction (VCD) that involves the closing of the vocal folds when they should be open for breathing. This abnormal movement restricts a person's airflow during breathing and can contribute to breathing discomfort or shortness of breath.
PVFM is often misdiagnosed as asthma, however it can be present with asthma or in isolation. To help manage these symptoms, patients learn to control vocal folds through visual feedback and breathing exercises. PVFM can be evaluated and diagnosed by a Speech-Language Pathologist but a multi-disciplinary team approach to assessment and treatment is ideal and patients are often seen in conjunction with an allergist or pulmonologist, a psychiatrist and an otolaryngologist.
- Kenn, K. & Balkissoon, R. (2011). Vocal cord dysfunction: what do we know? European Respiratory Journal, 37, 194-200.
- Mathers-Schmidt, B.A., (2001). Paradoxical vocal fold motion: A tutorial on a complex disorder and the speech-langauge pathologist's role. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 10, 111-125.
- University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics Voice and Swallow Clinics