Rectal prolapse happens when loose tissue in the rectum
slides downward. The loose tissue may partially or completely stick out of the
There are three types of rectal prolapse:
Complete prolapse. Part of the wall of the rectum slides
down and sticks out from the anus. At first, this may occur only during
a bowel movement. In later stages, the prolapse may happen when the person
stands or walks. Or it may stay outside the body all the time.
Partial prolapse (also called mucosal
prolapse). Only the lining of the rectum slides down. The lining of the rectum
usually comes out of the anus only when the person strains to have a bowel
movement. Partial prolapse is most common in children younger than 2. A partial
prolapse can sometimes be confused with hemorrhoids.
prolapse. One part of the wall of the large intestine or rectum slides over
another part of the rectum, like the folding parts of a telescope. The rectum
does not protrude outside the anus. Internal prolapse is most common in
Treatment for rectal prolapse depends on the type of
prolapse. Treatment may include changes in diet. Or it may include medicines or surgery.
Anne C. Poinier, MD - Internal Medicine & C. Dale Mercer, MD, FRCSC, FACS - General Surgery
How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.