Blunt abdominal injuries, such as from a fall
or a blow to the stomach, can cause severe bruising of the abdominal wall and
bleeding from or rupture of the internal organs. These types of injuries are
often caused by falls from a significant height or by automobile, bicycle,
sledding, or skiing accidents in which the victim is thrown against an object
or to the ground. Physical abuse is another possible cause of blunt abdominal
injuries in children or adults.
Penetrating injuries result when a sharp
object, such as a knife, or a projectile, such as a bullet, breaks through the
wall of the abdomen. The risk of infection, bleeding, and organ damage is high
if the object penetrates deep enough to enter the abdominal cavity.
After a minor abdominal injury, pain, nausea, or vomiting may occur,
but these symptoms usually improve within a few minutes. Pain and other
symptoms that continue, increase, or develop following an injury may mean organ
damage has occurred.
William H. Blahd, Jr., MD, FACEP - Emergency Medicine
How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.