Vacuum aspiration, also called suction aspiration, is a minor
surgical procedure used to clear the contents of the uterus during the first
trimester of pregnancy. A thin tube (cannula) is inserted into the
uterus. Then a specially designed syringe or pump is used to suction out all
tissue contained in the uterus.
Vacuum aspiration is the most common
abortion method used in the first 5 to 12 weeks of pregnancy. First, the cervix
is opened (dilated), and an antibiotic is given to prevent infection. Then a tube is passed into the uterus, and suction is applied to gently remove all tissue from the uterus.
Vacuum aspiration is also used to empty the uterus after an incomplete
Sarah Marshall, MD - Family Medicine & Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine & Rebecca H. Allen, MD, MPH - Obstetrics and Gynecology & Kirtly Jones, MD - Obstetrics and Gynecology
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