Distraction osteogenesis is a technique that promotes new bone formation by applying pulling pressure, or traction, in a manner that "stretches" the bone and spurs growth.
This procedure is primarily utilized for reconstructing skeletal deformities. Distraction osteogenesis is unique in that it not only promotes new bone growth, but also expands soft tissue at the same time.
During the procedure, plastic surgeons carefully create surgical fractures to promote new bone growth and simultaneously increase tissue volume. The procedure can be used in conjunction with other oral and maxillofacial procedures or to correct poorly healed fractures or abnormalities as a result of trauma, cancer or congenital disease.