Total Knee Replacement Procedure
At UW Health in Madison, Wisconsin, our orthopedic surgeons are fellowship-trained and recognized as experts in joint replacement. UW Hospital offers state-of-the-art facilities and services, and our experienced surgeons, nurses and therapists work together to provide comprehensive, expert care for knee replacement patients and their families.
Joints such as the knee can become damaged by diseases, injuries, and "wear and tear" usage eventually leading to arthritis. As the cartilage of the knee joint wears away, the normal smooth surfaces of the joint are replaced with roughened bone causing arthritis. The main symptom of arthritis is pain; however, many patients also complain of decreased knee motion, "giving way," and "bowlegs" or "knock knees."
In knee replacement surgery, the arthritic portion of the knee is removed and covered with a combination of plastic and metal parts that form the new surfaces of the knee joint. The new surfaces created in total knee replacement surgery slide together smoothly. The patient's pain is relieved because the roughened, arthritic bone no longer rubs together.
Our UW Health orthopedic surgeons will evaluate your need for total knee replacement surgery and help you determine whether you are an appropriate candidate for joint replacement.
Total knee replacement surgery is often the appropriate therapy if you have constant knee pain and struggle with knee function - for example, if you have trouble with normal tasks such as walking, climbing stairs or bathing.
Each total knee replacement surgery is different, depending on how badly the joint is damaged. The success of your surgery depends largely on how well you follow your doctor's advice when you get home. As you move your new joint, flexibility and movement will improve and pain will lessen.