Total Hip Replacement Procedure
When you undergo total hip replacement surgery at UW Health in Madison, Wisconsin, your orthopedic surgeons will remove the diseased bone tissue and cartilage from the hip joint, leaving healthy parts of the hip intact.
The hip joint is a ball-and-socket joint that allows motion and provides stability needed to bear body weight. The hip is one of the most stable joints in the body. But its function, bearing the body's weight, makes it susceptible to arthritis due to excessive pressure.
If the "wear and tear" is severe enough, the smooth cartilage surfaces of the ball-and-joint socket can wear away, destroying the "cushion" between the ball and socket of the hip. This can cause severe pain and stiffness during routine daily activities such as putting on socks and shoes, walking, and climbing stairs.
If you have total hip replacement surgery to help alleviate such problems, your UW Health surgeons will first remove the diseased bone tissue and cartilage from the hip joint. They will then replace the head of the femur (the "ball" of the hip) and the acetabulum (the hip's "socket") with new, artificial parts made of materials that allow the hip joint to move in a natural, fluid manner.
In total hip replacement, three major parts are surgically created in your hip:
- A plastic cup that replaces your hip socket (the acetabulum)
- A metal ball replacing your hip ball (femoral head)
- A metal stem (femoral stem) that attaches the new ball to your thigh bone
Total hip replacement surgery patients can expect to be hospitalized for two to three days, followed by six to eight weeks of recovery and physical therapy.
UW Health orthopedic surgeons make use of new technology and advanced surgical techniques to improve outcomes for hip replacement patients and reduce risks, such as hip dislocation. According to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, approximately 120,000 hip replacement operations are performed each year in the United States - with less than 10% requiring further surgery.