An oophorectomy is a procedure to remove one or both of a woman's ovaries. A unilateral oophorectomy removes one ovary; a bilateral oophorectomy removes both.
The procedure is frequently performed in conjunction with other surgeries, such as a hysterectomy (removal of uterus) for women who have undergone menopause or a salpingectomy (removal of fallopian tubes).
Why is Laparoscopic Oophorectomy performed?
- Benign (non-cancerous) ovarian tumors/cysts
- Ovarian cancer
- Ovarian torsion (twisted ovary)
- Tubo-Ovarian abscess (infection in ovary or fallopian tube)
What are the risks of Laparoscopic Oophorectomy?
- Damage to nearby organs
- Ovarian Remnant Syndrome (retention of ovarian cells in premenopausal women)
- Ruptured tumor
- Premature menopause
- Women who haven't undergone menopause will experience premature menopause if both ovaries are removed. This could lead to menopause symptoms, such as mood swings, heart palpitations, hot flashes, night sweats, vaginal dryness and painful sexual intercourse and sleeping problems
What happens in a Laparoscopic Oophorectomy?
A small incision is made in the navel area and carbon dioxide is introduced to lift the abdominal wall and create more space for the procedure. A tube called a trocar is inserted into the incision, and a tiny video camera called a laparoscope is placed in the tube. More small incisions are made to introduce the instruments surgeons use to perform the removal of the ovary or ovaries. By using the laparascopic procedure, recovery times are sometimes half that of a standard oophorectomy. Many women can return to regular activity within two weeks.