Transplant: Nutrition for Kidney Donation
It is a priority to choose healthy eating habits and lifestyle choices that promote kidney health, prior to and after donation.
Diabetes and hypertension are the two leading causes of kidney disease. Both of these can be prevented by keeping a healthy weight and eating a diet low in salt and fat.
A healthy kidney diet is rich in fruits and vegetables and low in salt with enough protein.
If you smoke, STOP! Find a smoking cessation program to help you.
• Eat a diet rich in fruits and vegetables.
• Eat a diet low in salt.
• Exercise regularly and make active lifestyle choices at all times of the day.
• Maintain a healthy body weight.
• Avoid fad diets that are high protein diets.
Your Body Weight
Visit http://www.choosemyplate.gov/myplate/index.aspx to learn how much and what you should eat to maintain a healthy body weight. Get a diet plan just for you or use the menu planner – FREE!
Visit http://www.nhlbisupport.com/bmi to see if your current weight and height are associated with increased risk of chronic diseases. If so, link to ‘Aim for a Healthy Weight.’
Your Diabetes Risk
Your Heart Health
To reduce cholesterol and LDL, do not overeat animal products, as these have cholesterol in them. Most people get enough protein from 6 ounces of lean meats and 3 servings of low-fat dairy foods. In addition, eat a diet rich in fruits and vegetables as these foods contain fiber and plant sterols (or plant stanols) that help lower cholesterol. Keep a healthy body weight and exercise regularly.
To reduce blood triglyceride levels, it is important to control your weight, exercise, quit smoking, and avoid alcohol. You should also follow an eating plan that is not too high in carbohydrates (less than 60 percent of calories) and is low in saturated fat, trans fat, and cholesterol.
High cholesterol alone will not prevent you from donating a kidney, but should be treated through diet, exercise and medicine as needed. To avoid heart disease, it is a priority to attain normal lipid levels prior to donation and life-long.
If you have more questions please contact UW Health at one of the phone numbers listed below. You can also visit our website at www.uwhealth.org/nutrition
UW Health West Clinic
UW Health East Clinic
UW Medical Foundation
at 12 clinic locations
The information provided should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
Last Updated: 09/10/2013
Copyright © 09/10/2013 University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics Authority. All rights reserved. Produced by the Department of Nursing. HF#544
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