Marijuana - "pot or weed"
What is marijuana?
Marijuana is a dry, shredded green and brown mix of leaves, flowers, stems and seeds. These are from the hemp plant Cannabis sativa. The main mind altering ingredient is tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC.
How is marijuana used?
Marijuana is usually smoked in hand rolled cigarettes (joints) or in pipes or water pipes (bongs). It can also be mixed in food or brewed as a tea.
How does marijuana affect health?
There can be short and long term effects on your physical and mental health.
• Heart: Marijuana raises your heart rate 20-100% shortly after smoking.
This can last up to 3 hours. You have a greater risk of heart attack in the
first hour after smoking. It can also raise your blood pressure.
• Lungs: Regular marijuana smokers can have many of the same lung
problems as tobacco smokers. These can be daily cough, chest illnesses and
• Mental Health: Using a lot of marijuana can produce hallucinations and
paranoia. It can add to depression and anxiety. There may be less
• Driving: Marijuana causes poor judgment and motor skills. Several studies
found that smoking more than doubles a driver’s risk of being in an
What about Medical Marijuana?
The FDA has approved marijuana for pain and nausea in several states. Doctors prescribe it for illnesses such as cancer, HIV, multiple sclerosis and glaucoma. It is not legal in Wisconsin.
Is Marijuana addictive?
Research shows that about 9% of users become addicted. The number is larger for those that start young and those that smoke daily. Daily smokers who stop may have irritability, sleeplessness, anxiety and drug craving. For more information on marijuana go to National Institute on Drug Abuse: www.drugabuse.gov
The information provided should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
Last Updated: 08/28/2013
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