Certain medications used to treat diseases such as cancer, arthritis, or kidney disease can be highly toxic to reproductive function. Radiation treatments can also damage reproductive organs. Certain pelvic and lower abdominal surgeries may also affect fertility. Listed below are some factors that may increase the risk of infertility from certain treatments.
1. Type and dose (amount) of chemotherapy
2. Dose and location of radiation therapy
3. Site of surgery
4. The age of the patient
5. Any pre-existing fertility risk factors
Some patients having such treatments may want to have children later. They may be childless at the time of their disease. Some patients may want to have more children. Although not all treatments result in damage to the testes, we feel that it is vital for you to be aware of your options for future family planning.
Male fertility is tested by looking at a semen sample in the lab. In most cases, freezing sperm samples can and should be done before treatment starts. Often two or three samples are frozen depending upon the amount of sperm found in each sample. Sperm samples can be stored for future use should there be damage to testicle or ejaculatory function during treatment, and should the testes not recover function following treatment. Knowing sperm quality will help guide future fertility treatments. These might include intrauterine insemination or in-vitro fertilization (IVF) with intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).
It is also advised that semen is tested again when your treatment is complete. This is done to assess the effects of treatment on sperm function.
When calling Generations Fertility Care, ask the receptionist to have a nurse call you back to help schedule this appointment in a timely manner. Use this number to schedule an appointment for either a man or a woman.
Generations Fertility Care (608) 824-6160
If you live out of the area, call toll free 1-800-323-8942
The information provided should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
Last Updated: 07/02/2013
Copyright © 07/02/2013 University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics Authority. All rights reserved. Produced by the Department of Nursing. HF#6555
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