Transplant: Nutrition for Liver Donation
Donating a portion of your liver is a generous act. Before and after donation, it is a priority to choose eating habits and lifestyle choices that promote overall health. To keep yourself healthy, eat a diet rich in fruits and vegetables and low in salt with enough protein. It is important to protect liver health by avoiding obesity, which can lead to fatty liver disease. Alcohol misuse should always be avoided.
• Eat a diet rich in fruits and vegetables
• Eat a diet low in salt
• Exercise regularly, and
• Maintain a healthy body weight
Your Body Weight
measure of body fat based
on height and weight that applies
to adult men and women.
Desired BMI < 28.0
Visit http://www.choosemyplate.gov/myplate/index.aspx to learn how much and what you should eat to maintain a healthy body weight. Get a diet plan just for you or use the menu planner – FREE!
Visit http://www.nhlbisupport.com/bmi to see if your current weight and height are associated with increased risk of chronic diseases. If so, link to ‘Aim for a Healthy Weight.’
Your Diabetes Risk
|Fasting Blood Glucose||<100 mg/dl|
|Hemoglobin A1c||<6%</td />|
Your Heart Health
|Fasting Lipid Profile||Results||Goal|
The body needs cholesterol to function normally.
The higher the blood cholesterol level, the greater the chances of developing heart disease. Total cholesterol is a measure of the cholesterol in all of your lipoproteins, including the “bad” cholesterol in LDL and the “good” cholesterol in HDL
< 200 mg/dL
< 150 mg/dL
HDL cholesterol is known as “good” cholesterol. That’s because HDL helps remove cholesterol from the body, preventing it from building up in the arteries. The lower your HDL level, the higher your heart disease risk.
< 40 mg/dL
< 130 mg/dL
To reduce cholesterol and LDL, do not overeat animal products, as these contain cholesterol. Most people have enough daily protein intake from 6 ounces of lean meats and 3 servings of low-fat dairy foods. Try to eat a diet rich in fruits and vegetables as these foods contain fiber and plant sterols that help lower cholesterol. Keep a healthy body weight and exercise regularly.
To reduce blood triglyceride levels, it is important to control your weight, exercise, quit smoking, and avoid alcohol. You should also follow an eating plan that is not too high in carbohydrates (less than 60 percent of calories) and is low in saturated fat, trans fat, and cholesterol.
High cholesterol alone will not prevent you from donating a liver. To avoid heart disease, it is vital to attain normal lipid levels before donation and life-long.
The information provided should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
Last Updated: 06/26/2013
Copyright © 01/09/2013 University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics Authority. All rights reserved. Produced by the Department of Nursing. HF#529
Print Health Fact For You