Gynecomastia in Men
Gynecomastia is an enlargement of breast tissue in males. A man may feel an area of firm, glandular tissue in one or both breasts. The breast may become enlarged and tender. A man with gynecomastia may describe his breast as feeling rubbery or firm. It occurs in babies, teens, and men.
Gynecomastia is often found during a physical exam. Most of the time, no treatment is needed. This condition will go away with time. Your doctor may recommend a mammogram or ultrasound of the breast. If breast cancer is suspected, you may need a biopsy of your breast. You may have lab tests done to look at your hormone levels and overall health. Your doctor may stop the use of certain medicines. A surgical consultation may be part of your work up.
When gynecomastia occurs in men, it is often caused by medicine, disease, or hormone changes.
- A lack of testosterone and an increase in estrogen may be one cause. Your doctor may prescribe treatment with hormones.
- The thyroid does not work as it should.
- Your doctor will ask for a list of medicines you are taking. Some medicines that cause this problem fall into these groups:
- The use of alcohol, marijuana, and other "street" drugs may be a cause.
- In rare cases, breast cancer may be the cause of breast tissue growth.
Please follow up with your doctor for further treatment.
The information provided should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
Last Updated: 08/09/2010
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