How to Give Your Child an Enema
A rectal enema is one way to treat your child if they are constipated.
- The enema should be at room temperature before you give it.
- Distract your child before and after giving the enema. You can try reading to him, playing music, or rubbing his back. Video games can help keep your child distracted.
- Some parents may be anxious when they have to give an enema. Keep in mind it is medicine that your child needs in order to feel better. Once you have given it the first time, you will see how easy it is to do.
- Explain to your child that you are giving the enema to make him feel better. Rub the covered tip against his arm to show what the tip of the enema will feel like when you insert it.
The Enema You Use Is Based on Your Child’s Age
- Children 2 to 4 years, use one-half (1/2) of a child size enema.
- Children 5 to 10 years, use one bottle of a child size enema.
- Children 11 to 19, use one bottle of an adult enema.
How to Insert a Rectal Enema
1. Wash your hands.
2. Remove the enema from the box. Take the cover off the tip. The tip is
lubricated. This will make it easier to insert.
3. Positions your child can try are:
- Lying on the left side with knees bent toward the chest.
- On the back with legs raised as if to change a diaper.
- On the stomach with knees to chest or over your lap.
4. Hold the bottle in one hand. With your other hand separate the buttock
cheeks until you can see the anal opening.
5. Ask your child to bear down, as if he where having a bowel movement, to
make insertion easier. With steady pressure, gently insert the tip of the
bottle into the anal opening. Do not force the tip of the bottle into
the anal opening. Squeeze the bottle until the correct amount is nearly
gone. You will know if you placed it far enough if the enema does not
come right back out.
6. Keep the child in position. Hold the buttock cheeks together to keep your
child from pushing out the enema. Do this for 15 to 20 minutes. If your
child feels the urge to pass the stool before the desired time, have him
take deep breaths in and out, as though he were blowing out birthday
candles. This will help him relax and lessen the urge to pass the stool.
If you are not sure where to insert the enema ask your health care provider. You may also want to refer to the package insert that comes with the enema. Pictures are often in this handout.
The information provided should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
Last Updated: 05/20/2013
Copyright © 05/20/2013 University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics Authority. All rights reserved. Produced by the Department of Nursing. HF#5960
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