Hepatitis C GenotypesSkip to the navigation
Six major strains (genotypes) of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) cause infection. You may be infected with more than one genotype at a time.
- Genotype 1 is the most common strain in the United States.
- Genotypes 1, 2, and 3 are found worldwide.
- Genotype 4 is found throughout northern Africa.
- Genotype 5 commonly is found in South Africa.
- Genotype 6 is common in Asia.
Genotype testing is done with a blood test.
How genotype affects treatment
Although genotype tests are not used to diagnose HCV infection, they may be done before treatment begins. Knowing the genotype may help a doctor choose the best treatment plan. You should know your genotype before treatment starts.
The genotype of HCV does not appear to have any effect on the severity of HCV infection or to affect your risk of developing cancer of the liver.
Primary Medical Reviewer E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer W. Thomas London, MD - Hepatology
Current as ofFebruary 18, 2016
To learn more about Healthwise, visit Healthwise.org.
© 1995-2016 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.