Type 2 Diabetes: Screening for Children
Starting at age 10 or at the beginning of puberty, a child who has a body mass index (BMI) in the 85th percentile or higher for his or her age—or whose weight is more than 120% of ideal—and who has two of the following risk factors needs to be tested for type 2 diabetes every 3 years:1
- A parent, brother, or sister with type 2 diabetes
- The child's mother developed gestational diabetes while pregnant with the child
- Hispanic, African-American, Native American, Asian-American, or Pacific Island ancestry
- Signs of not being able to use insulin properly (insulin resistance) or conditions associated with it:
If the results of a blood glucose test mean that your child's blood sugar is higher than normal but not yet at the level of diabetes (prediabetes), the test should be repeated 3 months later to find out whether your child has developed diabetes. If your child eats a balanced diet and gets regular exercise, he or she may not develop diabetes.
For more information, see the Interactive Tool: What Is Your Child's BMI? and the topic Type 2 Diabetes in Children.
Primary Medical Reviewer John Pope, MD - Pediatrics
Specialist Medical Reviewer Stephen LaFranchi, MD - Pediatrics, Pediatric Endocrinology
Current as ofJune 4, 2014
Current as of: June 4, 2014
Author: Healthwise Staff
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