National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
It is possible that the main title of the report Transverse Myelitis is not the name you expected.
- Ascending Myelitis
- Brown-Sequard Syndrome
- Concussion Myelitis
- Foix-Alajouanine Myelitis
- Subacute Necrotizing Myelitis
- Funicular Myelitis
- Systemic Myelitis
Transverse myelitis (TM) is a rare inflammatory disease causing injury to the spinal cord with varying degrees of weakness, sensory alterations, and autonomic dysfunction (the part of the nervous system that controls involuntary activity, such as the heart, breathing, the digestive system, and reflexes).
The first cases of acute myelitis were described in 1882 and were attributed to vascular lesions and acute inflammatory events. In England between 1922 and 1923 more than 200 postvaccinial cases were noted as complications of the smallpox and rabies vaccines. Later reports revealed that TM was post-infectious in nature, and agents including measles, rubella and mycoplasma were directly isolated from patient's spinal fluid. The term "acute transverse myelitis" was first used by an English neurologist in 1948 to describe a case of rapidly progressive paraparesis with a thoracic sensory level, occurring as a postinfectious complication of pneumonia. The Transverse Myelitis Consortium Working Group delineated diagnostic criteria for disease-associated TM and idiopathic TM along with a framework to differentiate TM from non-inflammatory myelopathies in 2002.
Transverse Myelitis Association
1787 Sutter Parkway
Powell, OH 43065-8806
Spinal Cord Society
19051 County Hwy. 1
Fergus Falls, MN 56537
Academy of Spinal Cord Injury Professionals, Inc.
206 South Sixth Street, Springfield, IL 62701
Springfield, IL 62701
National Spinal Cord Injury Association
75-20 Astoria Blvd
Jackson Heights, NY 11370
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
P.O. Box 5801
Bethesda, MD 20824
Christopher & Dana Reeve Foundation
636 Morris Turnpike, Suite 3A
Short Hills, NJ 07078
Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
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Last Updated: 9/13/2012
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