Ring Chromosome 4
National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
It is possible that the main title of the report Ring Chromosome 4 is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.
Ring chromosome 4 is a rare disorder that is typically characterized by loss (deletion) of genetic material from both ends of the 4th chromosome and joining of the chromosomal ends to form a ring. Associated symptoms and findings may vary greatly, depending on the location of lost genetic material and/or other factors. Some affected infants may have a low birth weight; growth retardation; delays in the acquisition of skills requiring the coordination of mental and physical activities (psychomotor retardation); an abnormally small head (microcephaly); a broad, "beaked" nose; and/or various additional physical abnormalities that are present at birth (congenital anomalies). However, cases have also been reported in which ring chromosome 4 is primarily associated with growth retardation, with no major physical anomalies and normal psychomotor development. ring chromosome 4 is usually caused by spontaneous (de novo) errors very early in the development of the embryo that appear to occur randomly for unknown reasons (sporadically).
Children's Craniofacial Association
13140 Coit Road
Dallas, TX 75240
March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation
1275 Mamaroneck Avenue
White Plains, NY 10605
1825 K Street NW, Suite 1200
Washington, DC 20006
P.O. Box 751112
Limekiln, PA 19535
Chromosome Disorder Outreach, Inc.
P.O. Box 724
Boca Raton, FL 33429-0724
NIH/National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse
3 Information Way
Bethesda, MD 20892-3580
UNIQUE - Rare Chromosome Disorder Support Group
P.O. Box 2189
Surrey, CR3 5GN
Craniofacial Foundation of America
975 East Third Street
Chattanooga, TN 37403
Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
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This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".
The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.
It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report
This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.
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Last Updated: 3/4/2011
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