West Nile Encephalitis
National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
It is possible that the main title of the report West Nile Encephalitis is not the name you expected.
There are seventeen species of birds that are the known carriers of and transmit West Nile Encephalitis (WNE) to humans via the Culex, Aedes, and Anopheles mosquitoes. WNE first causes symptomatic or asymptomatic illness in wild migratory birds that act as viral replication factories. Wild birds infected with WNE contain high titers of the virus and remain viremic for 1-2 weeks, making them ideal hosts to perpetuate the disease. Mosquitoes transmit WNE from birds to humans. Horses, dogs, and other small animals may harbor WNE after being bitten; however, they are inefficient transmitters because viral titers are relatively low, and WNE viremia is short-lived in these animals.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
- 1600 Clifton Road NE
- Atlanta, GA 30333
- Tel: (404)639-3534
- Tel: (800)232-4636
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Website: http://www.cdc.gov/
- 18 North Broadway #404
- Tarrytown, NY 10591
- Tel: 604-980-2236
- Fax: (604)904-0809
- Email: email@example.com
- Website: http://www.encephalitisglobal.org
- 32 Castlegate
- North Yorkshire, YO17 7DT
- United Kingdom
- Tel: 4401653692583
- Website: http://www.encephalitis.info
Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
- PO Box 8126
- Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
- Tel: (301)251-4925
- Fax: (301)251-4911
- Tel: (888)205-2311
- Website: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
- NIAID Office of Communications and Government Relations
- 5601 Fishers Lane, MSC 9806
- Bethesda, MD 20892-9806
- Tel: (301)496-5717
- Fax: (301)402-3573
- Tel: (866)284-4107
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Website: http://www.niaid.nih.gov/
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
- P.O. Box 5801
- Bethesda, MD 20824
- Tel: (301)496-5751
- Fax: (301)402-2186
- Tel: (800)352-9424
- Website: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/
Transverse Myelitis Association
- 1787 Sutter Parkway
- Powell, OH 43065-8806
- Tel: +1 (855) 380-3330
- Email: email@example.com
- Website: http://www.myelitis.org
For a Complete Report
This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). For a full-text version of this report, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".
The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only.
It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report.
This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.
Last Updated: 1/29/2008
Copyright 2008 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
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