Mucopolysaccharidosis Type III
National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
It is possible that the main title of the report Mucopolysaccharidosis Type III is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.
- MPS disorder III
- MPS III
- mucopolysaccharide storage disease type III
- oligophrenic polydystrophy
- polydystrophia oligophrenia
- Sanfilippo disease (types A, B, C, and D)
- Sanfilippo syndrome (types A, B, C, and D)
The Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS Disorders) are a group of rare genetic disorders caused by the deficiency of one of the lysosomal enzymes, resulting in an inability to metabolize complex carbohydrates (mucopolysaccharides) into simpler molecules. High concentrations of mucopolysaccharides in the cells of the central nervous system, including the brain, cause the neurological and developmental deficits that accompany these disorders.
Mucopolysaccharides are rather thick jelly-like ("muco") compounds made of long chains ("poly") of sugar-like (saccharides) molecules used to make connective tissues in the body.
Lysosomal enzymes are found in the lysosome, a very small membrane-contained body (organelle) found in the cytoplasm of most cells. The lysosome is often called the "waste disposal plant" of the cell. The accumulation of these large, undegraded mucopolysaccharides in the cells of the body is the cause of a number of physical symptoms and abnormalities.
MPS-III (Sanfilippo Syndrome) is one of seven MPS Disorders. It is an inborn error of metabolism that is transmitted as an autosomal recessive genetic disorder. MPS-lll has been subdivided into four types: MPS-III Type A, MPS-III Type B, MPS-III Type C, and MPS-III Type D. All types are associated with some degree of mental deterioration, but the severity depends on the particular type of MPS-lll. Several physical defects may be present, and the severity of these defects varies with the type of MPS-III. In the case of each type of MPS-III, abnormal amounts of a specific, chemically complex molecule is excreted in the urine. The excreted chemical is the same for each of the four types of MPS-III, since the defective gene involves a different step, and thus a different enzyme, in the deconstruction of the same mucopolysaccharide. By testing for one or another of these enzymes, the variant type may be readily identified.
CLIMB (Children Living with Inherited Metabolic Diseases)
176 Nantwich Road
Crewe, CW2 6BG
Vaincre Les Maladies Lysosomales
2 Ter Avenue
1825 K Street NW, Suite 1200
Washington, DC 20006
National MPS Society, Inc.
PO Box 14686
Durham, NC 27709
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive & Kidney Diseases
Office of Communications & Public Liaison
Bldg 31, Rm 9A06
31 Center Drive, MSC 2560
Bethesda, MD 20892-2560
Society for Mucopolysaccharide Diseases
White Lion Road
Buckinghamshire, HP7 9LP
Canadian Society for Mucopolysaccharide and Related Diseases, Inc.
PO Box 30034
British Columbia, V7H 2Y8
Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
PO Box 241956
Los Angeles, CA 90024
Hide & Seek Foundation for Lysosomal Disease Research
6475 East Pacific Coast Highway Suite 466
Long Beach, CA 90803
Sanfilippo Foundation Switzerland
C/o NAT Services SA
Rue de Jargonnant 2
Jonahs Just Begun - Foundation to Cure Sanfilippo, Inc.
P. O. Box 150057
Brooklyn, NY 11215
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Last Updated: 8/17/2007
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