Common Variable Immune Deficiency

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

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Important
It is possible that the main title of the report Common Variable Immune Deficiency is not the name you expected.

Disorder Subdivisions

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General Discussion

Common Variable Immune Deficiency (CVID) is a type of primary immunodeficiency, which is defined as an immune system dysfunction typically caused by a mutation in a gene or genes. The World Health Organization (WHO) recognizes more than 180 primary immunodeficiencies ranging from relatively common to quite rare.

CVID is one of the most prevalent of the symptomatic primary immunodeficiencies and manifests a wide variability of symptoms and range of severity. It is considered a diverse group of diseases of unknown cause (etiology) as many different immune system defects have been found to lead this syndrome. CVID is characterized by a low level of specific proteins (antibodies, also called immunoglobulins) in the fluid portion of the blood which results in a decreased ability to fight invading microorganisms, toxins, or other foreign substances. These immunoglobulins are produced by specialized white blood cells (B cells) as they mature into plasma cells.

The cause of CVID is unknown in at least 90% of cases, and a genetic cause has been identified in less than 10%. Sporadic cases, with no apparent history of the disorder in their family is the commonest form and may be caused by a complex interaction of environmental and genetic components (multifactorial inheritance), but genes that are involved in the development and function of B cells are believed to be the primary cause.

Supporting Organizations

European Society for Immunodeficiencies

1-3 rue de Chantepoulet
Geneva, CH 1211
Switzerland
Tel: 410229080484
Fax: 41229069140
Email: esid.admin@kenes.com
Website: http://www.esid.org

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center

PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
Website: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/

Immune Deficiency Foundation

110 West Road
Suite 300
Towson, MD 21204
Tel: (410)321-6647
Fax: (410)321-9165
Tel: (800)296-4433
Email: info@primaryimmune.org
Website: http://www.primaryimmune.org

International Patient Organization for Primary Immunodeficiencies

Firside Main Road
Downderry
Cornwall, PL11 3LE
United Kingdom
Tel: 441503250668
Fax: 441503250961
Email: info@ipopi.org
Website: http://www.ipopi.org/

Jeffrey Modell Foundation

780 Third Avenue
New York, NY 10017
USA
Tel: (212)819-0200
Fax: (212)764-4180
Tel: (866)469-6474
Email: info@jmfworld.org
Website: http://www.info4pi.org

March of Dimes

1275 Mamaroneck Avenue
White Plains, NY 10605
Tel: (914)997-4488
Fax: (914)997-4763
Email: AskUs@marchofdimes.org or preguntas@nacersano.org
Website: http://www.marchofdimes.org and nacersano.org

NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute

P.O. Box 30105
Bethesda, MD 20892-0105
Tel: (301)592-8573
Fax: (301)251-1223
Email: nhlbiinfo@rover.nhlbi.nih.gov
Website: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). For a full-text version of this report, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report.

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

Last Updated:  8/6/2015
Copyright  2014 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.