Chromosome 5, Trisomy 5p
National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
It is possible that the main title of the report Chromosome 5, Trisomy 5p is not the name you expected.
Trisomy 5p is a rare chromosomal disorder in which all or a portion of the short arm (p) of chromosome 5 (5p) appears three times (trisomy) rather than twice in cells of the body. Often the duplicated portion of 5p (trisomy) is due to a complex rearrangement involving other chromosomes. These individuals have a variable phenotype depending on which chromosome is involved, the size of the duplication and whether there is loss of material from the same or another chromosome.
Affected individuals may have an isolated duplication of 5p, a ring or supernumerary marker chromosome made up of only 5p material and the pericentric area of 5q, or when there is a derivative chromosome (unbalanced) from a translocation (switch of material between chromosomes) involving the short arm of chromosome 5 and the short arm of chromosomes 13,14,15,21,or 22) . These individuals have less variability since all of the material involved is from chromosome 5p. The variability is due solely to the size and location of the duplication. The individuals with only the duplication allow a better description of the symptoms (phenotype) and definition of a critical region for certain symptoms (cardiac abnormalities and seizures). Many affected infants and children have abnormalities that include low muscle tone (hypotonia); an unusually large head (macrocephaly) and additional abnormalities of the head and facial (craniofacial) area; large abdominal regions, long, slender fingers (arachnodactyly); delays in the acquisition of skills requiring the coordination of mental and physical activities (psychomotor impairment); and intellectual disability. Some affected individuals may have heart defects and seizures. Not all individuals with trisomy 5p will have all of the symptoms of the disorder.
Chromosome Disorder Outreach, Inc.
- P.O. Box 724
- Boca Raton, FL 33429-0724
- Tel: (561)395-4252
- Fax: (561)395-4252
- Email: email@example.com
- Website: http://www.chromodisorder.org/
Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
- PO Box 8126
- Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
- Tel: (301)251-4925
- Fax: (301)251-4911
- Tel: (888)205-2311
- Website: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/
March of Dimes
- 1275 Mamaroneck Avenue
- White Plains, NY 10605
- Tel: (914)997-4488
- Fax: (914)997-4763
- Email: AskUs@marchofdimes.org or firstname.lastname@example.org
- Website: http://www.marchofdimes.org and nacersano.org
Support Organization for Trisomy 13/18 and Related Disorders, UK
- c/o Christine Rose
- 48 Froggatts Ride
- West Midlands, B76 2TQ SOFT
- United Kingdom
- Tel: 1213513122
- Email: email@example.com
- Website: http://www.soft.org.uk
Support Organization for Trisomy 18, 13, and Related Disorders
- 2982 S. Union Street
- Rochester, NY 14624-1926
- Fax: (585)594-1957
- Tel: (800)716-7638
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Website: http://www.trisomy.org
- 1825 K Street NW, Suite 1200
- Washington, DC 20006
- Tel: (202)534-3700
- Fax: (202)534-3731
- Tel: (800)433-5255
- Email: email@example.com
- Website: http://www.thearc.org
UNIQUE - Rare Chromosome Disorder Support Group
- G1 The Stables
- Station Road West
- Oxted, RH8 9EE
- United Kingdom
- Tel: 0044 (0)1883 723356
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Website: http://www.rarechromo.org/html/home.asp
For a Complete Report
This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). For a full-text version of this report, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".
The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only.
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This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.
Last Updated: 5/10/2016
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