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Factor XI Deficiency

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important
It is possible that the main title of the report Factor XI Deficiency is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • haemophilia C
  • hemophilia C
  • plasma thromboplastin antecedent deficiency
  • PTA deficiency
  • Rosenthal syndrome

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Summary
Factor XI deficiency is a rare genetic bleeding disorder caused by reduced levels and insufficient activity of a blood protein called factor XI. Factor XI is a clotting factor. Clotting factors are specialized proteins that are essential for proper clotting, the process by which blood solidifies like glue to plug the site of a wound to stop bleeding. Individuals with factor XI deficiency do not bleed faster or more profusely than healthy individuals, but, because their blood clots poorly, they may have difficulty stopping the flow of blood from a deep or surgical wound. This may be referred to as prolonged bleeding or a prolonged bleeding episode. The severity of factor XI deficiency can vary from one person to another. In many cases, prolonged bleeding episodes only occur after surgery, dental procedures or trauma. Bleeding tendencies in factor XI deficiency are unpredictable and inconsistent, making the disorder difficult to manage in some cases. Factor XI deficiency is caused by disruptions or changes (mutations) to the F11 gene. Factor XI deficiency is inherited autosomally and can occur in people of either sex.

Introduction
Factor XI deficiency was first described in the medical literature in 1953. It used to be also referred to as hemophilia C in order to distinguish it from the better known hemophilia types A and B. In rare cases, factor XI deficiency can be acquired during life (acquired factor XI deficiency). This report deals with the genetic form. Although the genetic form is present at birth, as it is a mild bleeding disorder symptoms do not usually occur until later in life.

Resources

National Hemophilia Foundation
116 West 32nd Street, 11th Floor
New York, NY 10001
USA
Tel: (212)328-3700
Fax: (212)328-3777
Tel: (800)424-2634
Email: handi@hemophilia.org
Internet: http://www.hemophilia.org

Canadian Hemophilia Society
400-1255 University Street
Montreal
Quebec, H3B 3B6
Canada
Tel: 5148480503
Fax: 5148489661
Tel: 8006682686
Email: chs@hemophilia.ca
Internet: http://www.hemophilia.ca

NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute
P.O. Box 30105
Bethesda, MD 20892-0105
Tel: (301)592-8573
Fax: (301)251-1223
Email: nhlbiinfo@rover.nhlbi.nih.gov
Internet: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/

World Federation of Hemophilia
1425 René Lévesque Blvd. W. Suite 1010
Montreal
Quebec, H3G 1T7
Canada
Tel: 5148757944
Fax: 5148758916
Email: wfh@wfh.org
Internet: http://www.wfh.org/index.asp?lang=EN

Hemophilia Federation of America
210 7th St. SE
Suite 200B
Washington, DC 20003
USA
Tel: (202)675-6984
Fax: (202)675-6983
Tel: (800)230-9797
Email: info@hemophiliafed.org
Internet: http://www.hemophiliafed.org

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
TDD: (888)205-3223
Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/

Madisons Foundation
PO Box 241956
Los Angeles, CA 90024
Tel: (310)264-0826
Fax: (310)264-4766
Email: getinfo@madisonsfoundation.org
Internet: http://www.madisonsfoundation.org

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

Last Updated:  8/28/2012
Copyright  2012 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

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