Multiple System Atrophy
National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
It is possible that the main title of the report Multiple System Atrophy is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.
- progressive autonomic failure with multiple system atrophy
- Shy-Drager syndrome (SDS)
- sporadic olivopontocerebellar atrophy (sOPCA)
- striatonigral degeneration (SND
Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a rare sporadic progressive neurological disorder characterized by a varying combination of symptoms and signs. Onset is during adulthood (>30 years). Affected individuals may experience symptoms similar to those found in Parkinson's disease (parkinsonism); cerebellar signs such as progressive impairment of the ability to coordinate voluntary movements (cerebellar ataxia); and impaired functioning of the portion of the nervous system (autonomic nervous system) that regulates certain involuntary body functions (autonomic failure) such as heart rate, blood pressure, sweating, and bowel and bladder control. When parkinsonian symptoms predominate, the disorder may be referred to as MSA-P (parkinsonian phenotype); when the cerebellar symptoms predominate the disorder may be referred to as MSA-C (cerebellar phenotype). The exact cause of MSA is unknown.
The term multiple system atrophy was first introduced in the medical literature in 1969. It encompasses three presentations of a single disease formerly thought to be separate disorders, specifically Shy-Drager syndrome (which emphasized autonomic dysfunction), striatonigral degeneration (which emphasized parkinsonian symptoms), and sporadic olivopontocerebellar atrophy (which emphasized cerebellar symptoms), although the cases of each of these that were originally described presented a combination of all three clinical features, and brain pathology was found in both the striatonigral and olivopontocerebellar structures. Additionally, there is a hereditary form of olivopontocerebellar atrophy that is not part of the multiple system atrophy spectrum.
CurePSP: Foundation for PSP l CBD & Related Brain Diseases
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Movement Disorder Society
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National Ataxia Foundation
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National Parkinson Foundation, Inc.
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Parkinson's Disease Foundation, Inc.
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The Multiple System Atrophy Coalition
- 9935-D Rea Road, #212
- Charlotte, NC 28277
- Tel: (866)737-4999
- Website: http://www.multiple-system-atrophy.org
Vanderbilt's Autonomic Dysfunction Center
- Vanderbilt University Medical Center
- 1211 Medical Center Drive
- Nashville, TN 37232-2195
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For a Complete Report
This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".
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It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report
This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.
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Last Updated: 12/25/1969
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