National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
It is possible that the main title of the report Distal Myopathy is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.
- Distal Myopathy with Rimmed Vacuoles (DMRV)
- Distal Myopathy with Vocal Cord and Pharyngeal Signs
- Distal Myopathy 3 (MPD3)
- Inclusion Body Myopathy Type 2 (IBM2)
- Laing Distal Myopathy
- Laing Early-Onset Distal Myopathy
- Miyoshi Myopathy
- Nonaka Myopathy
- Tibial Distal Myopathy
- Udd Distal Myopathy
- Welander Distal Myopathy
Distal myopathy (or distal muscular dystrophy) is a general term for a group of rare progressive genetic disorders characterized by wasting (atrophy) and weakness of the voluntary distal muscles. The distal muscles are those farther from the center of the body and include the muscles of the lower arms and legs and the hands and feet. Conversely, the proximal muscles are the muscles closest to the center of the body such as the muscles of the shoulder, pelvis, and upper arms and legs. Although age of onset can occur anytime from infancy to adulthood, most forms develop later in life and are slowly progressive. Inheritance is autosomal dominant or recessive.
The distal myopathies belong to a larger group of disorders known as the muscular dystrophies. The muscular dystrophies are characterized by weakness and degeneration of various voluntary muscles of the body. Approximately 30 different disorders make up the muscular dystrophies. The disorders affect different muscles and have different ages of onset, severity and inheritance patterns.
March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation
1275 Mamaroneck Avenue
White Plains, NY 10605
Muscular Dystrophy Association
3300 East Sunrise Drive
Tucson, AZ 85718-3208
Muscular Dystrophy Canada
2345 Yonge Street Suite 900
Ontario, M4P 2E5
Muscular Dystrophy Campaign
61 Southwark Street
London, SE1 0HL
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
P.O. Box 5801
Bethesda, MD 20824
Muscular Dystrophy Association of New Zealand, Inc.
PO Box 16-238
Muscular Dystrophy Australia
111 Boundary Road
European Alliance of Neuromuscular Disorders Associations
MDG Malta 4
Gzira, GAR 04
Muscular Dystrophy Ireland
75 Lucan Road
Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Jain Foundation Inc.
2310 130th Avenue NE
Bellevue, WA 98005
Child Neurology Foundation
201 Chicago Ave, #200
Minneapolis, MN 55415
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This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".
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It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report
This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.
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Last Updated: 4/6/2007
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