Angioplasty for Peripheral Arterial Disease of the Legs
Iliac artery is narrowed by plaque
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Angioplasty is used to open narrowed arteries and increase
oxygen-rich blood flow to muscle and tissue.
Catheter is inserted
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After you are sedated, the surgeon inserts a thin, flexible tube
called a catheter through a femoral artery in the thigh and carefully guides it
to the narrowed part of the iliac artery.
Balloon is inflated, stent is expanded
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The surgeon guides the catheter to the narrowed part of the artery
and inflates a small balloon at the end of a tube. The balloon may remain
inflated for a short time. The pressure from the inflated balloon
causes the mesh stent to expand and press the plaque against the wall of the
artery, creating more room for blood to flow.
Balloon is removed, stent is in place
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Next, the surgeon deflates the balloon and removes it, leaving the
expanded stent in place to keep the walls of the artery open.
Before and after surgery
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Angioplasty reopens the blocked iliac artery, increasing the flow of
oxygen-rich and nutrient-rich blood to the leg.
Primary Medical Reviewer
Rakesh K. Pai, MD, FACC - Cardiology, Electrophysiology
Rakesh K. Pai, MD, FACC - Cardiology, Electrophysiology & David A. Szalay, MD - Vascular Surgery
How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.