Metastatic prostate cancer is prostate cancer that has spread
(metastasized) to the lymph nodes or other parts of the body. Prostate cancer
is the abnormal growth of cells in the tissues of the prostate gland. The prostate gland is
a walnut-shaped organ located below a man's bladder. It produces fluid for
The exact cause of prostate cancer is unknown. But things such as
age and family history increase a man's risk for this disease.
Metastatic prostate cancer may not cause symptoms. It may be
discovered in exams and tests that are part of follow-up care for another health condition. Symptoms may include bone pain, weight loss, or swelling in the legs
Prostate cancer usually is a disease of older men. Bone scans may
be used to discover metastatic prostate cancer, which often appears in bones.
Other tests that may be used to find out the extent of metastatic prostate
cancer include CT scans, MRIs, and PET scans.
Treatment for metastatic prostate cancer focuses on relieving
symptoms and slowing the rate at which the cancer spreads. Treatment may
include hormone therapy, radiation therapy, surgery, chemotherapy, or immunotherapy. In some
cases, taking part in a clinical trial of a new treatment may be an
E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine & Christopher G. Wood, MD, FACS - Urology, Oncology