Dyslexia is a common learning disability that hinders the
development of reading skills. It impairs a person's ability to translate the
sounds within words (phonemes) in the correct sequence, and this causes reading
to be slow and inaccurate.
Dyslexia makes it hard to read, write,
and spell. It also affects memory of spoken and written words.
The cause of dyslexia is not clear, although it may be genetic because it runs
For treatment, educational tools can help retrain the
way the mind processes the sounds within words. But reading will likely not
ever be easy for a person with dyslexia.
Susan C. Kim, MD - Pediatrics & Thomas Emmett Francoeur, MD, MDCM, CSPQ, FRCPC - Pediatrics