Skip to Content
UW Health SMPH
American Family Children's Hospital
SHARE TEXT

Congenital Glaucoma

Congenital glaucoma is a rare form of glaucoma that is present in some babies when they are born. Glaucoma is an eye disorder that damages the nerve at the back of the eye (optic nerve), resulting in loss of eyesight, especially peripheral (side) vision.

Congenital glaucoma is often caused by a birth defect that can cause abnormal development of structures in the eye. It must be treated as soon as possible to avoid vision loss or blindness.

Congenital glaucoma is usually diagnosed by the end of the first year of life. About one-half of these children are diagnosed at birth.

Glaucoma that develops between birth and age 3 is called infantile glaucoma.

People between the ages of 3 and young adulthood can develop another type of developmental glaucoma called juvenile glaucoma.

Last Revised: February 28, 2012

Author: Healthwise Staff

Medical Review: Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine & Christopher J. Rudnisky, MD, MPH, FRCSC - Ophthalmology

This information does not replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise, Incorporated disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information. Your use of this information means that you agree to the Terms of Use. How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.

© 1995-2014 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.