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American Family Children's Hospital
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Leonard A. Levin, MD, PhD

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Leonard A. Levin, MD, PhD Print Friendly Page

Faculty, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

Leonard A. Levin, MD, PhD, earned his medical degree from Harvard Medical School and completed his residency at the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary in Boston.


Eye Care Services (Ophthalmology)

UW Health Clinics

University Station Clinic
(608) 263-7171 | (800) 323-8942 | Map
University Station Clinic
(608) 263-7171 | Map

Hospital Affiliation(s)

University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics (primary)

UW School of Medicine and Public Health

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences

Professional Certifications and Education

Board Certification Ophthalmology
Fellowship Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, MA
Residency Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, MA
Internship Mount Auburn Hospital, Cambridge, MA
Medical School Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, 1988


Best Doctors® in America 2014

Best Doctors® in America 2013

Best Doctors® in America 2011

Medical interpreters are available to help patients communicate with hospital and clinic staff. For more information, please contact interpreter services at (608) 262-9000.


Our doctors provide a wide range of services. The following list represents some, but not all, of the procedures offered by this physician.

  • Electrophysiological Testing
  • Neuro-ophthalmological Examination
  • Visual Evoked Potential Testing
  • Visual Field Testing

Programs & Conditions

  • Abnormal Eye Movement
  • Abnormalities of the Optic Disk
  • Abnormalities of the Pupil
  • Double Vision
  • Neuro-Ophthalmology
  • Optic Nerve Diseases Associated with Autoimmune Disease, Cancer or Radiation
  • Pituitary Tumors
  • Unexplained Vision Loss
  • Visual Loss Due to Optic Nerve or Brain Disease
PubMed Articles
Lieven CJ Ribich JD Crowe ME Levin LA . Redox proteomic identification of visual arrestin dimerization in photoreceptor degeneration after photic injury. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012 Jun 26;53(7):3990-8
[PubMed ID: 22599583]
Lieven CJ Thurber KA Levin EJ Levin LA . Ordering of neuronal apoptosis signaling: a superoxide burst precedes mitochondrial cytochrome c release in a growth factor deprivation model. Apoptosis. 2012 Jun;17(6):591-9
[PubMed ID: 22411528]
Ghaffarieh A Levin LA . Optic nerve disease and axon pathophysiology. Int Rev Neurobiol. 2012;105:1-17
[PubMed ID: 23206593]
Nork TM Kim CB Heatley GA Kaufman PL Lucarelli MJ Levin LA Ver Hoeve JN . Serial multifocal electroretinograms during long-term elevation and reduction of intraocular pressure in non-human primates. Doc Ophthalmol. 2010 Jun;120(3):273-89
[PubMed ID: 20422254]
Scott CJ Seidler EA Levin LA . Cell-autonomous generation of mitochondrial superoxide is a signal for cell death in differentiated neuronal precursor cells. Brain Res. 2010 Jan 8;1306:142-8
[PubMed ID: 19819231]
Levin LA Peeples P . History of neuroprotection and rationale as a therapy for glaucoma. Am J Manag Care. 2008 Feb;14(1 Suppl):S11-4
[PubMed ID: 18284310]
Hoegger MJ Lieven CJ Levin LA . Differential production of superoxide by neuronal mitochondria. BMC Neurosci. 2008 Jan 8;9:4
[PubMed ID: 18182110]
Levin LA . Lessons from the ischemic optic neuropathy decompression trial: a decade later. Arch Ophthalmol. 2007 Nov;125(11):1570-1
[PubMed ID: 17998522]
Lieven CJ Millet LE Hoegger MJ Levin LA . Induction of axon and dendrite formation during early RGC-5 cell differentiation. Exp Eye Res. 2007 Nov;85(5):678-83
[PubMed ID: 17904550]
Levin LA Palmer JG . Institutional review boards should require clinical trial registration. Arch Intern Med. 2007 Aug 13-27;167(15):1576-80
[PubMed ID: 17698679]
Schwechter BR Millet LE Levin LA . Histone deacetylase inhibition-mediated differentiation of RGC-5 cells and interaction with survival. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Jun;48(6):2845-57
[PubMed ID: 17525221]
Nguyen SM Lieven CJ Levin LA . Simultaneous labeling of projecting neurons and apoptotic state. J Neurosci Methods. 2007 Apr 15;161(2):281-4
[PubMed ID: 17184842]
Vrabec JP Levin LA . Type II protein C deficiency in a 16-year-old girl with central retinal vein occlusion. Am J Ophthalmol. 2007 Feb;143(2):341-2
[PubMed ID: 17258526]
Schlieve CR Tam A Nilsson BL Lieven CJ Raines RT Levin LA . Synthesis and characterization of a novel class of reducing agents that are highly neuroprotective for retinal ganglion cells. Exp Eye Res. 2006 Nov;83(5):1252-9
[PubMed ID: 16934805]
Maertz NA Kim CB Nork TM Levin LA Lucarelli MJ Kaufman PL Ver Hoeve JN . Multifocal visual evoked potentials in the anesthetized non-human primate. Curr Eye Res. 2006 Oct;31(10):885-93
[PubMed ID: 17050280]
Schlieve CR Lieven CJ Levin LA . Biochemical activity of reactive oxygen species scavengers do not predict retinal ganglion cell survival. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2006 Sep;47(9):3878-86
[PubMed ID: 16936100]
Lieven CJ Hoegger MJ Schlieve CR Levin LA . Retinal ganglion cell axotomy induces an increase in intracellular superoxide anion. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2006 Apr;47(4):1477-85
[PubMed ID: 16565382]
Frassetto LJ Schlieve CR Lieven CJ Utter AA Jones MV Agarwal N Levin LA . Kinase-dependent differentiation of a retinal ganglion cell precursor. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2006 Jan;47(1):427-38
[PubMed ID: 16384993]
Levin LA . Neuroprotection and regeneration in glaucoma. Ophthalmol Clin North Am. 2005 Dec;18(4):585-96, vii
[PubMed ID: 16314221]
Conley L Geurs TL Levin LA . Transcriptional regulation of ceruloplasmin by an IL-6 response element pathway. Brain Res Mol Brain Res. 2005 Oct 3;139(2):235-41
[PubMed ID: 15979198]