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American Family Children's Hospital
Carla M. Pugh, MD, PhD close
Carla M. Pugh, MD, PhD

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Carla M. Pugh, MD, PhD Print Friendly Page

Faculty, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

Dr. Pugh is certified by the American Board of Surgery. She specializes in general surgery and is a member of the Department of Surgery's Section of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery and serves on UW Health's Trauma Surgery team.


In 2011 Dr. Pugh received the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers. She is also the developer of several decision-based simulators that are currently being used to assess intra-operative judgment and team skills.


Surgery (General)

UW Health Clinics

UW Hospital and Clinics
(608) 263-7502 | (800) 323-8942 | Map
UW Hospital and Clinics
(608) 263-7502 | (800) 323-8942 | Map

Hospital Affiliation(s)

University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics (primary)
Veterans Hospital - Wm. S. Middleton Memorial (secondary)

UW School of Medicine and Public Health

Department of Surgery

Professional Certifications and Education

Board Certification Surgery

Acute Care Surgery, University of Michigan Department of Surgery

Residency Howard University Hospital, Washington, DC
Internship Howard University Hospital, Washington, DC
Medical School Howard University College of Medicine, Washington, D.C., 1998

Medical interpreters are available to help patients communicate with hospital and clinic staff. For more information, please contact interpreter services at (608) 262-9000.


Our doctors provide a wide range of services. The following list represents some, but not all, of the procedures offered by this physician.


Dr. Pugh's research interests include the use of simulation technology for medical and surgical education. Dr. Pugh holds a method patent on the use of sensor and data acquisition technology to measure and characterize the sense of touch. Currently, more than 100 medical and nursing schools use one of her sensor-enabled training tools for their students and trainees. The use of simulation technology to assess and quantitatively define hands-on clinical skills is one of her major research areas.

PubMed Articles
Laufer S Cohen ER Pugh CM Kwan C D'Angelo AL Yudkowsky R Boulet JR McGaghie WC . Sensor technology in assessments of clinical skill. N Engl J Med. 2015 Feb 19;372(8):784-6
[PubMed ID: 25693026]
D'Angelo AL Rutherford DN Ray RD Laufer S Kwan C Cohen ER Mason A Pugh CM . Idle time: an underdeveloped performance metric for assessing surgical skill. Am J Surg. 2015 Jan 14;
[PubMed ID: 25725505]
D'Angelo AL Cohen ER Kwan C Laufer S Greenberg C Greenberg J Wiegmann D Pugh CM . Use of decision-based simulations to assess resident readiness for operative independence. Am J Surg. 2015 Jan;209(1):132-9
[PubMed ID: 25454962]
Glarner CE Hu YY Chen CH Radwin RG Zhao Q Craven MW Wiegmann DA Pugh CM Carty MJ Greenberg CC . Quantifying technical skills during open operations using video-based motion analysis. Surgery. 2014 Sep;156(3):729-34
[PubMed ID: 24962187]
Laufer S Pugh CM Van Veen BD . Characterizing touch using pressure data and auto regressive models. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2014 Aug;2014:1839-42
[PubMed ID: 25570335]
Pugh CM Cohen ER Kwan C Cannon-Bowers JA . A comparative assessment and gap analysis of commonly used team rating scales. J Surg Res. 2014 Aug;190(2):445-50
[PubMed ID: 24880200]
Maag AL Laufer S Kwan C Cohen ER Lenhart RL Stork NC Halanski MA Pugh CM . Sensor-based assessment of cast placement and removal. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2014;196:259-61
[PubMed ID: 24732518]
Laufer S Cohen ER Maag AL Kwan C Vanveen B Pugh CM . Multimodality approach to classifying hand utilization for the clinical breast examination. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2014;196:238-44
[PubMed ID: 24732514]
Glarner CE McDonald RJ Smith AB Leverson GE Peyre S Pugh CM Greenberg CC Greenberg JA Foley EF . Utilizing a novel tool for the comprehensive assessment of resident operative performance. J Surg Educ. 2013 Nov-Dec;70(6):813-20
[PubMed ID: 24209661]
Pugh CM . Application of national testing standards to simulation-based assessments of clinical palpation skills. Mil Med. 2013 Oct;178(10 Suppl):55-63
[PubMed ID: 24084306]
Pugh CM DaRosa DA . Use of cognitive task analysis to guide the development of performance-based assessments for intraoperative decision making. Mil Med. 2013 Oct;178(10 Suppl):22-7
[PubMed ID: 24084302]
Pugh CM Sweeney JT Bloch CP Lee JA Johnson JA Hovda LR . Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) toxicosis in cats: 33 cases (2004-2010). J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio). 2013 Sep-Oct;23(5):565-70
[PubMed ID: 24016243]
Pugh CM Britt LD . In-training assessments used in the United States surgical residency programmes. ANZ J Surg. 2013 Jun;83(6):460-5
[PubMed ID: 23735133]
Wohlauer MV George B Lawrence PF Pugh CM Van Eaton EG Darosa D . Review of influential articles in surgical education: 2002-2012. J Grad Med Educ. 2013 Jun;5(2):219-26
[PubMed ID: 24404263]
Salud LH Kwan C Pugh CM . Simplifying touch data from tri-axial sensors using a new data visualization tool. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2013;184:370-6
[PubMed ID: 23400186]
Huang FC Mussa-Ivaldi FA Pugh CM Patton JL . Learning Kinematic Constraints in Laparoscopic Surgery. IEEE Trans Haptics. 2012 Oct;5(4):356-364
[PubMed ID: 23293709]
Pugh CM . Warm-ups, mental rehearsals and deliberate practice: adopting the strategies of elite professionals. J Surg Res. 2012 Aug;176(2):404-5
[PubMed ID: 21816430]
Pugh CM . Medical education meets patient safety. J Surg Res. 2012 Aug;176(2):400-1
[PubMed ID: 21816429]
Andrew B Plachta S Salud L Pugh CM . Development and evaluation of a decision-based simulation for assessment of team skills. Surgery. 2012 Aug;152(2):152-7
[PubMed ID: 22503511]
Rooney DM Hungness ES Darosa DA Pugh CM . Can skills coaches be used to assess resident performance in the skills laboratory? Surgery. 2012 Jun;151(6):796-802
[PubMed ID: 22652120]