American Family Children's Hospital
Carla M. Pugh, MD, PhD close
Carla M. Pugh, MD, PhD

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Carla M. Pugh, MD, PhD Print Friendly Page

Faculty, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

Dr. Pugh is certified by the American Board of Surgery. She specializes in general surgery and is a member of the Department of Surgery's Section of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery and serves on UW Health's Trauma Surgery team.


In 2011 Dr. Pugh received the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers. She is also the developer of several decision-based simulators that are currently being used to assess intra-operative judgment and team skills.


Surgery (General)

UW Health Clinics

General Surgery Clinic
University Hospital
(608) 263-7502 | (800) 323-8942 | Map
Trauma Clinic
University Hospital
(608) 263-7502 | (800) 323-8942 | Map

Hospital Affiliation(s)

University Hospital (primary)
Veterans Hospital - Wm. S. Middleton Memorial (secondary)

UW School of Medicine and Public Health

Department of Surgery

Professional Certifications and Education

Board Certification Surgery

Acute Care Surgery, University of Michigan Department of Surgery

Residency Howard University Hospital, Washington, DC
Internship Howard University Hospital, Washington, DC
Medical School Howard University College of Medicine, Washington, D.C., 1998

Medical interpreters are available to help patients communicate with hospital and clinic staff. For more information, please contact interpreter services at (608) 262-9000.


Our doctors provide a wide range of services. The following list represents some, but not all, of the procedures offered by this physician.


Dr. Pugh's research interests include the use of simulation technology for medical and surgical education. Dr. Pugh holds a method patent on the use of sensor and data acquisition technology to measure and characterize the sense of touch. Currently, more than 100 medical and nursing schools use one of her sensor-enabled training tools for their students and trainees. The use of simulation technology to assess and quantitatively define hands-on clinical skills is one of her major research areas.

PubMed Articles
D'Angelo AL Rutherford DN Ray RD Laufer S Mason A Pugh CM . Working volume: validity evidence for a motion-based metric of surgical efficiency. Am J Surg. 2016 Feb;211(2):445-50
[PubMed ID: 26701699]
Azari DP Pugh CM Laufer S Kwan C Chen CH Yen TY Hu YH Radwin RG . Evaluation of Simulated Clinical Breast Exam Motion Patterns Using Marker-Less Video Tracking. Hum Factors. 2015 Nov 6;
[PubMed ID: 26546381]
Sullivan SA Anderson BM Pugh CM . Development of Technical Skills: Education, Simulation, and Maintenance of Certification. J Craniofac Surg. 2015 Nov;26(8):2270-4
[PubMed ID: 26501974]
D'Angelo AL Ray RD Jenewein CG Jones GF Pugh CM . Residents' perception of skill decay during dedicated research time. J Surg Res. 2015 Nov;199(1):23-31
[PubMed ID: 26197949]
D'Angelo AL Law KE Cohen ER Greenberg JA Kwan C Greenberg C Wiegmann DA Pugh CM . The use of error analysis to assess resident performance. Surgery. 2015 Nov;158(5):1408-14
[PubMed ID: 26003910]
Pugh CM Arafat FO Kwan C Cohen ER Kurashima Y Vassiliou MC Fried GM . Development and evaluation of a simulation-based continuing medical education course: beyond lectures and credit hours. Am J Surg. 2015 Oct;210(4):603-9
[PubMed ID: 26384792]
Laufer S Ray RD D'Angelo AL Jones GF Pugh CM . Use of simulators to explore specialty recommendation for a palpable breast mass. Am J Surg. 2015 Oct;210(4):618-23
[PubMed ID: 26198334]
D'Angelo AL Rutherford DN Ray RD Mason A Pugh CM . Operative skill: quantifying surgeon's response to tissue properties. J Surg Res. 2015 Oct;198(2):294-8
[PubMed ID: 26003012]
Zahiri HR Park AE Pugh CM Vassiliou M Voeller G . "See one, do one, teach one": inadequacies of current methods to train surgeons in hernia repair. Surg Endosc. 2015 Oct;29(10):2867-72
[PubMed ID: 26198155]
Rutherford DN D'Angelo AL Law KE Pugh CM . Advanced Engineering Technology for Measuring Performance. Surg Clin North Am. 2015 Aug;95(4):813-26
[PubMed ID: 26210973]
Park AE Zahiri HR Pugh CM Vassiliou M Voeller G . Raising the quality of hernia care: Is there a need? Surg Endosc. 2015 Aug;29(8):2061-71
[PubMed ID: 26123329]
Pugh CM Golden RN . Medical Training in the Fitbit, Google Glass and Personal Information Era. WMJ. 2015 Aug;114(4):168-9
[PubMed ID: 26436187]
D'Angelo AL Rutherford DN Ray RD Laufer S Kwan C Cohen ER Mason A Pugh CM . Idle time: an underdeveloped performance metric for assessing surgical skill. Am J Surg. 2015 Apr;209(4):645-51
[PubMed ID: 25725505]
Laufer S Cohen ER Kwan C D'Angelo AL Yudkowsky R Boulet JR McGaghie WC Pugh CM . Sensor technology in assessments of clinical skill. N Engl J Med. 2015 Feb 19;372(8):784-6
[PubMed ID: 25693026]
D'Angelo AL Cohen ER Kwan C Laufer S Greenberg C Greenberg J Wiegmann D Pugh CM . Use of decision-based simulations to assess resident readiness for operative independence. Am J Surg. 2015 Jan;209(1):132-9
[PubMed ID: 25454962]
Glarner CE Hu YY Chen CH Radwin RG Zhao Q Craven MW Wiegmann DA Pugh CM Carty MJ Greenberg CC . Quantifying technical skills during open operations using video-based motion analysis. Surgery. 2014 Sep;156(3):729-34
[PubMed ID: 24962187]
Pugh CM Cohen ER Kwan C Cannon-Bowers JA . A comparative assessment and gap analysis of commonly used team rating scales. J Surg Res. 2014 Aug;190(2):445-50
[PubMed ID: 24880200]
Laufer S Pugh CM Van Veen BD . Characterizing touch using pressure data and auto regressive models. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2014;2014:1839-42
[PubMed ID: 25570335]
Maag AL Laufer S Kwan C Cohen ER Lenhart RL Stork NC Halanski MA Pugh CM . Sensor-based assessment of cast placement and removal. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2014;196:259-61
[PubMed ID: 24732518]
Laufer S Cohen ER Maag AL Kwan C Vanveen B Pugh CM . Multimodality approach to classifying hand utilization for the clinical breast examination. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2014;196:238-44
[PubMed ID: 24732514]