American Family Children's Hospital
Carla M. Pugh, MD, PhD, FACS close
Carla M. Pugh, MD, PhD, FACS

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Carla M. Pugh, MD, PhD, FACS Print Friendly Page

Faculty, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

Dr. Pugh is certified by the American Board of Surgery. She specializes in general surgery and is a member of the Department of Surgery's Section of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery and serves on UW Health's Trauma Surgery team.


In 2011 Dr. Pugh received the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers. She is also the developer of several decision-based simulators that are currently being used to assess intra-operative judgment and team skills.


Surgery (General)

UW Health Clinics

University Hospital
(608) 263-7502 | (800) 323-8942 | Map
University Hospital
(608) 263-7502 | (800) 323-8942 | Map

Hospital Affiliation(s)

University Hospital (primary)
Veterans Hospital - Wm. S. Middleton Memorial (secondary)

UW School of Medicine and Public Health

Department of Surgery

Professional Certifications and Education

Board Certification Surgery

Acute Care Surgery, University of Michigan Department of Surgery

Residency Howard University Hospital, Washington, DC
Internship Howard University Hospital, Washington, DC
Medical School Howard University College of Medicine, Washington, D.C., 1998

Medical interpreters are available to help patients communicate with hospital and clinic staff. For more information, please contact interpreter services at (608) 262-9000.


Our doctors provide a wide range of services. The following list represents some, but not all, of the procedures offered by this physician.

Programs & Conditions

  • Acute Care Surgery

Dr. Pugh's research interests include the use of simulation technology for medical and surgical education. Dr. Pugh holds a method patent on the use of sensor and data acquisition technology to measure and characterize the sense of touch. Currently, more than 100 medical and nursing schools use one of her sensor-enabled training tools for their students and trainees. The use of simulation technology to assess and quantitatively define hands-on clinical skills is one of her major research areas.

PubMed Articles
Greenberg JA Jolles S Sullivan S Quamme SP Funk LM Lidor AO Greenberg C Pugh CM . A structured, extended training program to facilitate adoption of new techniques for practicing surgeons. Surg Endosc. 2017 Jun 22;
[PubMed ID: 28643054]
Nathwani JN Law KE Witt AK Ray RD DiMarco SM Pugh CM . A Simulation-based, cognitive assessment of resident decision making during complex urinary catheterization scenarios. Am J Surg. 2017 Apr;213(4):622-626
[PubMed ID: 28089342]
Jones GF Forsyth K Jenewein CG Ray RD DiMarco S Pugh CM . Research Residents' perceptions of skill decay: Effects of repeated skills assessments and scenario difficulty. Am J Surg. 2017 Apr;213(4):631-636
[PubMed ID: 28038715]
Law Forsyth K DiMarco SM Jenewein CG Ray RD D'Angelo AD Cohen ER Wiegmann DA Pugh CM . Do errors and critical events relate to hernia repair outcomes? Am J Surg. 2017 Apr;213(4):652-655
[PubMed ID: 27998548]
Pugh CM . A Holistic Model of Surgical Expertise and Competency. Ann Surg. 2017 Feb;265(2):268-269
[PubMed ID: 27805965]
Gannon SJ Law KE Ray RD Nathwani JN DiMarco SM D'Angelo AD Pugh CM . Do resident's leadership skills relate to ratings of technical skill? J Surg Res. 2016 Dec;206(2):466-471
[PubMed ID: 27884344]
O'Connell-Long BR Ray RD Nathwani JN Fiers RM Pugh CM . Errors in bladder catheterization: are residents ready for complex scenarios? J Surg Res. 2016 Nov;206(1):27-31
[PubMed ID: 27916371]
Frasier LL Azari DP Ma Y Pavuluri Quamme SR Radwin RG Pugh CM Yen TY Chen CH Greenberg CC . A marker-less technique for measuring kinematics in the operating room. Surgery. 2016 Nov;160(5):1400-1413
[PubMed ID: 27342198]
Law KE Gwillim EC Ray RD D'Angelo AD Cohen ER Fiers RM Rutherford DN Pugh CM . Error tolerance: an evaluation of residents' repeated motor coordination errors. Am J Surg. 2016 Oct;212(4):609-614
[PubMed ID: 27586850]
Laufer S D'Angelo AD Kwan C Ray RD Yudkowsky R Boulet JR McGaghie WC Pugh CM . Rescuing the Clinical Breast Examination: Advances in Classifying Technique and Assessing Physician Competency. Ann Surg. 2016 Sep 21;
[PubMed ID: 27655241]
Law KE Jenewein CG Gannon SJ DiMarco SM Maulson LJ Laufer S Pugh CM . Exploring hand coordination as a measure of surgical skill. J Surg Res. 2016 Sep;205(1):192-7
[PubMed ID: 27621018]
Nathwani JN Law KE Ray RD O'Connell Long BR Fiers RM D'Angelo AL DiMarco SM Pugh CM . Resident performance in complex simulated urinary catheter scenarios. J Surg Res. 2016 Sep;205(1):121-6
[PubMed ID: 27621008]
Azari DP Pugh CM Laufer S Kwan C Chen CH Yen TY Hu YH Radwin RG . Evaluation of Simulated Clinical Breast Exam Motion Patterns Using Marker-Less Video Tracking. Hum Factors. 2016 May;58(3):427-40
[PubMed ID: 26546381]
Sullivan SA Bingman E O'Rourke A Pugh CM . Piloting Virtual Surgical Patient Cases with 3rd-year medical students during the surgery rotation. Am J Surg. 2016 Apr;211(4):689-696.e1
[PubMed ID: 26879419]
D'Angelo AL Rutherford DN Ray RD Laufer S Mason A Pugh CM . Working volume: validity evidence for a motion-based metric of surgical efficiency. Am J Surg. 2016 Feb;211(2):445-50
[PubMed ID: 26701699]
Laufer S Kempton SJ Maciolek K Terry A Ray RD Pugh CM Afifi AM . A Multi-Layered Needle Injection Simulator. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2016;220:205-8
[PubMed ID: 27046579]
Laufer S Amiel I Nathwani JN Mashiach R Margalit RS Ray RD Ziv A Pugh CM . A Simulator for Measuring Forces During Surgical Knots. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2016;220:199-204
[PubMed ID: 27046578]
Laufer S Rasske K Stopfer L Kurzynski C Abbott T Platner M Towles J Pugh CM . Fabric Force Sensors for the Clinical Breast Examination Simulator. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2016;220:193-8
[PubMed ID: 27046577]
Sullivan SA Anderson BM Pugh CM . Development of Technical Skills: Education, Simulation, and Maintenance of Certification. J Craniofac Surg. 2015 Nov;26(8):2270-4
[PubMed ID: 26501974]
D'Angelo AL Ray RD Jenewein CG Jones GF Pugh CM . Residents' perception of skill decay during dedicated research time. J Surg Res. 2015 Nov;199(1):23-31
[PubMed ID: 26197949]