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UW Health SMPH
American Family Children's Hospital
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Inpatient Laryngology Procedures

Airway Dilation: An operation performed under general anesthesia designed to expand a narrow segment of the larynx (voice box) and/or trachea (windpipe). The procedure is performed through the mouth with an expandable balloon, and patients go home the same day.
 
Airway Reconstruction: This procedure is performed under general anesthesia designed to remove or expand a narrow segment of the air passage at the level of the larynx (voice box) and/or trachea (windpipe). The operation requires a hospital stay and detailed care before and after surgery.
 
Arytenoid Adduction: This operation is performed with sedation and local anesthesia during which a paralyzed vocal cord is rotated to enhance voice, improve swallowing and improve the effectiveness of cough for healthy lungs. This procedure is performed for severe cases of vocal cord paralysis. Thyroplasty usually is performed at the same time on the paralyzed vocal cord.

Esophageal Dilation: An operation performed under general anesthesia designed to improve swallowing by widening a narrow segment of the esophagus. This procedure is performed through the mouth, and patients go home the same day.
 
Microlaryngoscopy: This procedure is performed through the mouth for examination of the larynx (voice box) and removal of abnormal vocal cord tissue that is impairing voice function, such as polyps or cysts. It is performed in an outpatient setting.
 
Open Partial Laryngectomy: An operation performed to remove cancer of the larynx (voice box). The procedure requires a skin incision and the need for a tracheotomy (breathing tube in the neck), usually for one month after the operation. Patients remain hospitalized for approximately one week.
 
Total Laryngectomy: This operation removes cancer of the larynx (voice box) in which the entire larynx is removed. Several techniques are available for speech rehabilitation following surgery. Patients remain hospitalized for approximately one week.
 
Zenker’s Diverticulectomy: A procedure designed to improve swallowing function by opening an abnormal pouch that develops at the junction of the throat and the esophagus. This operation is performed under general anesthesia most often through the mouth with a laser, and patients usually go home the next day.